Policies

Abuse, Harassment, Bullying and Hazing PolicyAnti-Doping PolicySafeSport and Athlete Safety PoliciesGrievance, Disciplinary, Suspension, Member Misconduct and Appeals ProceduresWhistleblower PolicyMembership Agreement, Release of Liability and WaiverAnti-Retaliation Policy

US Squash Abuse, Harassment, Bullying, and Hazing Policy

The United States Squash Racquets Association (“US Squash”) is committed to providing a safe environment for its members, participants, coaches, officials and volunteers, and has also made the commitment to uphold the values proposed by the U.S. Olympic Committee’s SafeSport Initiative. Sexual, physical or emotional abuse, harassment, bullying, or hazing in any form by any US Squash members, participants, coaches, officials and volunteers is unacceptable and will not be tolerated. When any members, participants, coaches, officials, staff and volunteers are subjected to sexual, physical or emotional abuse, harassment, bullying, or hazing in any form, it undermines the mission and values of US Squash. US Squash advocates build strong self-images among the youth participants, strive to promote good sportsmanship throughout the organization and encourage qualities of mutual respect, courtesy and tolerance.

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All members of the organization, as well as parents, spectators and other invitees are expected to observe and adhere to the following principles.

    1. Physical and sexual abuse, including, but not limited to, striking, hitting, kicking, biting or wanton gesturing, lewd remarks, indecent exposure, unwanted physical contact, any form of sexual contact or inappropriate touching, are strictly prohibited within the organization and as a part of its events and activities Physical abuse does not include physical contact that is reasonably designed to coach, teach or demonstrate a squash skill. It also includes any act or conduct described as physical abuse, sexual abuse, or misconduct under federal or state law (e.g., child abuse, child neglect, assault, sexual abuse, sexual exploitation, and rape).
    1. Child sexual abuse involves any sexual activity with a child where consent is not or cannot be given. This includes sexual contact with a child accomplished by deception, manipulation, force or threat of force, regardless of the age of the participants. It also includes all sexual interaction between an adult and a child, regardless of whether there is deception or the child understands the sexual nature of the activity.
    1. Emotional or verbal abuse is prohibited and may include, but is not limited to: yelling, insulting, threatening, mocking, demeaning behavior or making abusive statements in regard to a person’s race, gender, religion, nationality/ethnicity, sex or age.  This may incorporate electronic communication via social media or online sources. Emotional abuse does not include controlled and disciplined verbal communication that is generally accepted in sports as a reasonable method of coaching or teaching the sport.
    1. Harassment is a repeated pattern of physical and/or non-physical behavior intended to cause fear, humiliation or annoyance, offend or degrade, create a hostile environment; or reflect discriminatory bias in an attempt to establish dominance, superiority or power over an individual athlete or group based on gender, race, ethnicity, culture, religion, sexual orientation, gender expression or mental or physical disability. It includes any act or conduct described as harassment under federal or state law. US Squash does not accept physical, sexual, emotional or verbal abuse, harassment or similar misconduct from any person towards athletes, staff, coaches, officials, volunteers, parents, spectators or any other persons while they are participating in or preparing for events or activities conducted under the protection and support of US Squash.
    1. Bullying is an intentional, persistent and repeated pattern of committing or willfully tolerating physical and non-physical behavior that is intended, or has the reasonable potential, to cause fear, humiliation or physical harm in an attempt to socially exclude, diminish or isolate the targeted athlete(s) as a condition of membership. It includes any act or conduct described a bullying under federal or state law.  This includes using electronic communications, social media, or other technology to harass, frighten, intimidate or humiliate (“cyber bulling”).
    1. Hazing involves coercing, requiring, forcing or willfully tolerating any humiliating, unwelcome or dangerous activity that serves as a condition for joining a group or being socially accepted by a group’s members.  It includes any act or conduct described as hazing under federal or state law. Activities that fit the definition of hazing are considered to be hazing regardless of an athlete’s willingness to cooperate or participate.

US Squash recommends taking the following precautions to help ensure a safe environment for all members, staff, volunteers, coaches, officials, and participants.

    1. Encourage parents to become as active as possible in sponsored activities, practices and other events. The more the parents are involved, the less likely it is for abusive situations to develop.
    1. We strongly advise that no adult person allow him/herself to be alone with a child or with any group of children in a private setting during or while they are participating in sponsored activities of US Squash. In particular, in such circumstances, we recommend that coaches or other adult members of the organization:

–     Do not drive alone with a child participant in the car.
–     Do not take a child alone to the locker room, bathrooms, or any other private room.
–     Provide one-on-one training or individual coaching with the assistance of another adult or athlete.
–     Have private conversations with youth participants within view of others instead of a private office.
–     Do not socialize individually with the participants outside of sponsored activities.

    1. When traveling overnight with youth participants, children should be paired up with other children of the same gender and similar age group, with chaperons in separate but nearby rooms.
    1. Harassment and abuse are defined in various sources such as state law, case law, sports organization and professional association codes of conduct and training manuals, corporate and business workplace documents and human right commission materials.  US Squash has not adopted any specific definition of harassment or abuse, choosing instead to defer to such general sources and definition for reference and application, depending on the circumstances. As further elaboration of examples given above, the following generally describe conduct that may be considered harassment or abuse:

a. Any improper or inappropriate comment, action or gesture directed toward a person or group that is related to race, ethnicity, national origin, religion, age, gender, sexual orientation, disability of other personal characteristic.
b. Creating an environment through behavior or course of conduct that is insulting, intimidating, humiliating, demeaning or offensive.
c. Harassment usually occurs when one person engages in abusive behavior or asserts unwarranted power or authority over another, whether intended or not, and may include, for example, name-calling, threats, belittling, unwelcome advances and requests for sexual favors (as well as undue pressure to perform or succeed).
d. Harassment includes child abuse.
e. Child abuse can include physical contact – or the threat of it – that intentionally causes bodily harm or injury to a child. This may include, for example, hitting, shaking, kicking, shoving, and forcing an athlete to train or compete when injured or mandating excessive exercise as a form of punishment. It may also include touching for the purpose of causing sexual arousal or gratification that involves a child, rape, incest, fondling, exhibitionism and sexual exploitation. It may also include chronic attacks on a child’s self-esteem, such a psychologically destruct behavior consisting of ridiculing, screaming, swearing, racist comments, threatening, stalking, hazing and isolating.

The entire US Squash community must work cooperatively to promote an environment that is free of sexual, physical or emotional abuse, harassment, bullying, or hazing in any form.

 1. US Squash will timely respond to any and all allegations of abuse, harassment, bullying or hazing in matters that are within the purview (scope or extent of function, ability, or authority) and jurisdiction of officials or persons at other levels or of other organizations will be timely responded to and dealt as appropriate.

2. US Squash cannot guarantee complete confidentially of complaints. However, US Squash will strive to insure that all complaints are handled in a manner that to the greatest degree possible, protects the rights of all.

 3. When necessary and appropriate, this information will be communicated to the appropriate authorities for investigation and should be reviewed by appropriate officials, with timely notification to the alleged offender of such allegation.

 4. Any person accused of sexual or physical abuse may be asked to resign voluntarily or may be suspended until the matter is investigated and resolve Regardless of criminal or civil guilt in the alleged abuse, the continued presence of the person could be detrimental to the reputation of the organization and could be harmful to the participants. A person who is accused but later cleared of the charged, may apply to have a suspension lifted or, if applicable, to be reinstated within the organization. Reinstatement is not a right, and no assurance is made that the person will be reinstated to his/her former position.

5. Any person or member organization that fails to appropriately report, who makes a false report or who threatens retaliation or reprisal against an individual for reporting sexual, physical or emotional abuse, harassment, bullying, or hazing in any form will be subject to discipline or other action as may be within the purview and jurisdiction of US Squash.

Having a fair and effective anti-doping program is vital to ensure that the rights of clean athletes and the integrity of competition are upheld. US Squash is opposed to the practice of doping in sport and fully supports and complies with the policies, protocols, and rules set forth by the U.S. Anti-Doping Agency (USADA) as the independent, non-profit anti-doping organization in the U.S. Guided by their mission to preserve the integrity of competition, inspire true sport, and protect the rights of U.S. athletes, USADA is charged with implementing a comprehensive anti-doping program for all Olympic, Paralympic, Pan American, and Para Pan American sport National Governing Bodies, their athletes, and events. USADA’s scope of responsibility includes:

  • Education for athlete and athlete support personnel
  • Drug reference resources
  • In-competition and out-of competition testing
  • Results management processes

USADA is a signatory to the World Anti-Doping Code (Code), which is a framework of anti-doping policies, rules, and regulations within sport. The Code, along with the supporting International Standards, is maintained by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) to ensure global harmonization of anti-doping rules.

USADA’s website www.usada.org provides many resources to help athletes, athlete support personnel, and medical professionals understand the anti-doping process and the role they play in helping to protect clean sport.

The links below are shortcuts to frequently asked about topics.

The Prohibited List

The Prohibited List contains all the substances and methods prohibited in sport. The List is evaluated, updated, and published every year by WADA. See the full list at www.USADA.org/substances/prohibited-list/

Global Drug Reference Online (Global DRO)

If an athlete needs to take a medication, Global DRO is an easy to use online and mobile enabled resource to search the prohibited status of specific medications based on the current WADA Prohibited List. www.globaldro.com

Therapeutic Use Exemptions (TUEs)

If an athlete has a legitimate medical need to use a substance or method that is prohibited, the athlete can apply for a TUE, and where appropriate, be provided an exemption to use that method or substance under medical guidance. More information on when and how to apply for a TUE is provided at www.USADA.org/substances/tue/

Testing Information

You can find information from USADA about the testing process, including information about urine and blood collection at www.USADA.org/testing/
Whereabouts Requirements 

Some U.S. athletes may be selected by USADA or the WSF to be included in a Registered Testing Pool (RTP), which requires the athlete to provide Whereabouts information, (dates, times, locations, etc.) in order to be located for out-of-competition testing. If an athlete is selected to be included in the RTP, they will be notified by the appropriate organization. More information about the Whereabouts process for USADA can be found at www.USADA.org/testing/whereabouts/

Retirement and Returning from Retirement

When an athlete chooses to retire from sport, or plans to return from competition after previously retiring, there are important steps that must be taken to avoid any potential rule violations. Detailed information about those steps can be found at www.USADA.org/athletes/retire/

Results Management

USADA is responsible for the results management and adjudication process for athletes in U.S. Olympic, Paralympic, Pan American and Parapan American Sport, providing important independence and removing any potential conflicts of interest from the USOC and sport national governing bodies. Additional information about the results management process can be found at www.USADA.org/testing/results/

Supplement Information

No organization can guarantee the safety, efficacy or non-prohibited status of a dietary supplement. Due to the current regulatory framework, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) does not evaluate dietary supplement products prior to them being brought to the market. As such, it is very important that athletes and athlete support personnel are aware of the risks associated with taking dietary supplements. USADA has created www.Supplement411.org as an online resource to help athletes and athlete support personnel, realize the concerns surrounding the use of dietary supplements, recognize risk when it is seen, and reduce the risk of testing positive or experiencing health problems if an athlete chooses to use supplements.

In addition, Supplement 411 also provides a list of dietary supplement products that are considered to present a high risk to athletes and consumers.

Coach Resources

Coaches are some of the most influential people in athlete’s lives, and are in a unique position to help them make positive and healthy choices. Understanding the role they play in keeping sport clean, as well as their responsibilities under the World Anti-Doping Code, is vital for both them and the athletes they support. Find out more at http://www.usada.org/resources/coach/

Health Professional Resources

Health professionals, who care for athletes, are a vital component in the bigger picture of preserving the integrity of competition and the core principles of true sport. Athletes and support personnel depend on health professionals to help guide them in making good decisions. Understanding anti-doping rules is essential to ensuring success in program compliance and clean competition.  http://www.usada.org/resources/healthpro/

Investigations and the Play Clean Tip Center

In addition to testing, the World Anti-Doping Code (Code) emphasizes the importance of using investigative efforts to both detect and deter the use of performance-enhancing drugs and methods in sport. It is important to know that athletes are not the only people who may commit anti-doping rule violations. In accordance with the Code, coaches, trainers, doctors and other athlete support personnel may also be held accountable for their actions, should they choose to violate anti-doping rules.

If at any time, a person suspects that their sport is being compromised by performance-enhancing drugs or methods, they can anonymously provide that information to the USADA Play Clean Tip Center at www.USADA.org/athletes/playclean/

Athlete Express

USADA’s Athlete Express is available to help with immediate assistance for any questions or concerns. Athlete Express provides support over the phone and via email regarding whereabouts, testing, Therapeutic Use Exemptions, prohibited substances, educational resources, and more.

1-800-601-2632 | 719-785-2000| athleteexpress@usada.org

Stay connected to USADA

Facebook.com/usantidoping

Twitter- @usantidoping

TrueSport

TrueSport is a movement powered by USADA that seeks to ensure a positive youth sport experience. Through certified TrueSport coaches, TrueSport parents and TrueSport Ambassadors, this movement strives to impart the important life lessons learned through participation in sport, including a focus on:

  • Clean Competition
  • Sportsmanship
  • Peak Performance

Learn more and get involved today at www.TrueSport.org

Facebook.com/TrueSportUSA

Twitter- @truesport

SafeSport Policy

US Squash abides by the SafeSport Code for the U.S. Olympic and Paralympic Movement.  The SafeSport Code is defined by and prohibits six primary types of misconduct, including sexual, emotional, physical, bullying, harassment and hazing. It applies to any individual who (a) currently is, or was at the time of a possible violation, within the governance or disciplinary jurisdiction of a National Governing Body or who is seeking to be within the governance or disciplinary jurisdiction of an NGB (e.g., through application for membership), (b) is an athlete or non-athlete participant that an NGB or the USOC formally authorizes, approves or appoints to a position of authority over athletes, or to have frequent contact with athletes or (c) an NGB identifies as being within the jurisdiction of the U.S. Center for SafeSport’s Response and Resolution Office.  US Squash complies with the SafeSport Entity’s exclusive and discretionary subject matter jurisdiction as set out in this Code, and provides that US Squash will address matters falling outside this subject matter jurisdiction guided by Section E of US Squash’s Grievance, Disciplinary, Suspension, Member Misconduct and Appeals Procedures.

Athlete Safety Policy

US Squash abides by US Squash’s Athlete Safety Policy, which applies to USOC employees, coaches, contracted staff, volunteers, board members, committee and task force members, and other individuals working with athletes or other sport participants while at a U.S. Olympic Training Center, or a USOC-sponsored or delegation event; athletes training and/or residing at an OTC or a delegation event; individuals the USOC formally authorizes, approves or appoints (a) to position of authority over or (b) in frequent contact with athletes. It prohibits all forms of misconduct, including sexual, emotional, physical, bullying, harassment and hazing as set out in the SafeSport Code for the U.S. Olympic and Paralympic Movement as adopted by the U.S. Center for SafeSport.

US Squash SafeSport Contact

Please contact Kevin Klipstein, kevin.klipstein@ussquash.com, for any questions regarding SafeSport and US Squash.

 US Squash Whistleblower Policy

The Whistleblower Policy is intended to support a strong culture of integrity and ethical conduct at the US Squash by encouraging, valuing, and protecting good faith reporting by athletes, directors, officers, employees, members, committee members, task force members, hearing panel members, and volunteers (“Affiliated Individuals”) of US Squash of any alleged violation of any applicable law or policy or any potential ethics issue.

The freedom to speak up means being able to raise concerns in whatever way is most comfortable and effective and feeling free to cooperate in investigations that follow. It also means that US Squash has zero tolerance for retaliation of any kind against people who speak up in good faith.

I hereby relieve, release, and forever discharge and agree to indemnify and hold harmless the United States Squash Racquets Association, Inc. (“US Squash”), their servants, agents and employees from any and all claims and demands of every kind and character from injury to my person or damage to property as a result of my participation in US Squash accredited programs, tournaments, competitions and events.

I agree to carry primary medical insurance and abide by all US Squash policies including the Member Code of Conduct. I have read this Release of Liability and Waiver Agreement, fully understand its terms, understand that I have given up substantial rights by signing it, and sign it freely and voluntarily without any inducement.

I understand and agree that the World Squash Federation (WSF) Anti-Doping Rules and U.S. Anti-Doping Agency Protocol for Olympic and Paralympic Movement Testing (USADA Protocol) and all other policies and rules adopted by the WSF, USADA, and the USOC apply to me and that it is my responsibility to comply with those rules. I agree to submit to drug testing at any time and understand that the use of methods or substances prohibited by the applicable antidoping rules would make me subject to penalties including, but not limited to, disqualification and suspension. If it is determined that I may have committed a doping violation, I agree to submit to the results management authority and processes 3-1 NGB Compliance Checklist_121317.docx of USADA, including arbitration under the USADA Protocol, or to the results management authority of WSF and/or US Squash, if applicable or referred by USADA.

“Signature ______________________________________ Parent or guardian signature needed if under 18.”

US Squash prohibits retaliation against anyone who reports misconduct or provides information about misconduct. Retaliation includes threatening, intimidating, harassing, coercing or any other conduct that would discourage a reasonable person from engaging or participating in the complaint processes when the action is reasonably related to the report or engagement with the process. Retaliation may be present even where there is a finding that no violation occurred.

Board Policies

Ethics, Principles and Conflict of Interest PolicyBoard of Directors and Association Mutual Expectations PolicyCriteria, Responsibilities, and Commitments of Board MembersBoard Statement of Governing Style and Expected ConductRoles and Responsibility PolicyCompensation PolicyPeriodic Board Level Review of Banking ActivityGift & Entertainment

US SQUASH Board Statement of Ethics Principles and Conflict of Interest Policy

Those who serve US Squash, whether as volunteers or paid professionals, are held to the highest standards of conduct. As guardians of squash ideals they assume an obligation to subordinate individual interests to the interests of US Squash. What may be considered acceptable conduct in some businesses may be inappropriate in service to our sport.

Those who serve US Squash must avoid any institutional loss or embarrassment and behave in such a way that the organization’s trust and public confidence are enhanced. It is important to avoid any real conflict of interest as well as the appearance of a conflict of interest.

While no set of guidelines can guarantee acceptable behavior, the principles which guide behavior in this area are (i) disclosure, (ii) physical absence and (iii) nonparticipation in the decision making process where personal or family gain is a possibility and a commitment to honor the confidentiality of organizational information. All conduct is founded on the individual’s own sense of integrity. Any individual accepting the honor of service to US Squash must also accept the burdens of public disclosure and public scrutiny. In our complex society, the intermixture of volunteer work, business interests, governmental activity, and family relationships, inevitability create potentially conflicting interests. What is required is ready disclosure of conflicting interests whenever they arise, as well as physical absence from and strict nonparticipation in any evaluation or decision making process relating to matters in which the individual has a real or apparent conflict of interest.

US SQUASH Board of Directors and Association Mutual Expectations

You were selected to be a member of the Board of Directors of US Squash because of your commitment to our national community of squash enthusiasts and to this organization. As a Board member, we ask a number of things from you in order to build an effective partnership with you as we work together to achieve our MISSION: “ to enhance people’s health and well being by increasing participation in squash, to enrich the experiences of our members of all ages, and to build awareness of the sport, valuing excellence, professionalism and fiscal responsibility”. We recognize, though, that there is no such thing as an expectation without a corresponding responsibility. What this means is that, in order for our Board to be truly effective, there are some things that we have a responsibility to provide – some things that you can and should expect from us. If we each live up to our commitment, there’s simply no telling what we can accomplish together!

US Squash Association Board members:
-Are passionate about the game of squash and our Association – our Mission and how we work to achieve it, and share this passion by taking an active role in advocating for
US Squash in all of their involvements with the game.
-Have a heartfelt strong desire to make a difference to the game of squash.
-Develop and demonstrate a clear understanding about who we are and what we do, and demonstrate this by actively participating in discussion and debate at Board meetings.
-Understand the goals of US Squash, and how we are going about meeting them.
-Attend in person whenever possible, and when this is not possible participate via telephone conference both of the Board meetings each year.
-Get involved in at least one volunteer opportunity relating to the game of squash beyond the Board.
-Actively engage in building relationships with other Board members beyond theBoardroom.
-Are proud of your involvement with this organization and this community, and demonstrate this by attending US Squash events throughout the year.
-Demonstrate your commitment by financially supporting US Squash to the fullest extent possible.

The Association will:
-Ensure that our Mission is at the heart of everything we do by providing regular updates on the work we do to and its relationship to our organizational priorities.
-Provide you with continuous education about our programs and initiatives through a comprehensive orientation program and a regular educational component at Board meetings.
-Create opportunities for you to fully explore and understand the issues facing our sport by scheduling outside presentations during Board meetings.
-Ensure that Board meetings are engaging and provide opportunities for thoughtful discussion on current and emerging issues.
-Understand your passions in an effort to identify the best volunteer opportunity for you by asking you about your interests and offering you experiences that match them.
-Provide you with unparalleled avenues for developing a rich network of relationships with people from all sectors of the game.
-Welcome and celebrate your involvement in growing squash.

Criteria, Responsibilities, and Commitments of Board Members 

Our Board is representative of our membership and consists of leaders in the game of squash from throughout the country. Included on our Board are top ranking players, coaches, local association and national tournament organizers each of whom are passionate for the game and bring to the Board tremendous diversity in their skills and capacities.

In acknowledging the work of our volunteer leaders, the Board recently articulated attributes in our Board members to help focus the nominating process. Key to the process is the need to balance the skill of potential Board members with the organization’s needs.

Fundamental characteristics (or attributes) desired in individual Board members:

-Commitment to the mission and goals of US Squash.
-Willingness to give time and talent.
-Willingness to make a personally significant financial contribution.
-Willingness to ask others to make financial contributions.

Collectively, the individual skills of Board members are a reflection of US Squash, its goals and work process.

To that end it is a desired to build a Board that will be recognized and respected for its:
-Rich diversity and its member’s broad non-profit experience.
-Networks and linkages which can help advance the Association’s key initiatives and fund raising goals.
-Demonstrated executive leadership and respected public stature.
-Experience in working with complex issues and organizations.
-Capacity to listen and embrace change.

Responsibilities of the US Squash Board:
-To represent the members of the US Squash.
-To set the mission for the organization for implementation by CEO.
-To ensure programs and priorities are strategic, effective and mission driven.
-To work with the CEO to secure and develop the resources needed to accomplish objectives.
-To ensure the organization is fiscally sound and conducts its business professionally. To be committed to Board development and effective governance.
-To work with and support the CEO as hired by the Board.

US SQUASH Board Statement of Governing Style and Expected Conduct

The US Squash Board of Directors, hereafter referred to as the Board, will approach it’s task with a style which emphasizes outward vision rather than an internal preoccupation, encouragement of diversity in viewpoints, strategic leadership more than administrative detail, clear distinction of Board and Staff roles, future rather than past or present, and will strive to be proactive rather than reactive in its endeavors.
In this spirit the Board has a governing style that will:

1 Focus chiefly on intended long term impacts on the world of squash (ends/policy), not on the administrative or programmatic means of attaining those effects.
2 Direct, control, and inspire U. S. Squash through the careful establishment of the broadest organizational values and policies.
3 Enforce upon itself whatever discipline is needed to govern with excellence. Discipline will apply to matters as policy making principles and self-policing of any tendency to stray from governance adopted in Board policies.
4 Be accountable for competent, conscientious and effective accomplishment of it’s obligations as a governing body for squash. It will allow no officer, individual, or committee to usurp this role or hinder this commitment.
5 Review on a regular basis the Board’s process and performance.
6 Be an initiator of policy, not merely a reactor to staff initiatives. The Board, not the staff, will be responsible for the Board’s performance.
7 Work closely with the CEO to help define and prioritize the vision, mission, ends and goals of the membership of the Association.
8 Develop and maintain consistent rules, regulations and policies to ensure fair and safe competition and to accomplish the ends of its members.
9 Facilitate the development of programs that will support the member’s attainment of their goals and contribute to the process of squash as a whole. These programs will be administered by the staff within the constraints of fiscal responsibility.

Further, the Association Board expects of itself and its members ethical and business-like conduct. This commitment includes proper use of authority, appropriate decorum, and discretion in group and individual behavior when acting as Board members.
1. Board members must represent, without any conflict, loyalty to the interest of the Association and our membership. This accountability supersedes any conflicting
loyalty such as that to advocacy or interest groups and membership on other boards or staff.
2. Board members must avoid any conflict of interest with respect to their fiduciary responsibility. Specifically should a Board member be considered for employment, she/he must temporarily withdraw from Board deliberations, voting and access to applicable Board information.
3. Board members may not attempt to exercise individual authority over the USSRA except as explicitly set forth in the bylaws and any duly adopted Board policies:

a. Board member interaction with the Chief Executive Officer or with the staff will recognize the lack of authority in any individual Board member or group of Board members except as noted above.
b. Board members’ interaction with the public, press or other entities must recognize the same limitation and the similar inability of any Board member other than the Chair to speak for the Board. In instances where it is appropriate for them to speak as individuals regarding the affairs of the Association individual Board members must identify that it is their personal opinion they are providing. While it is important for Board member’s to be as accessible as possible to the membership as listeners, as well as key communicators of the Association’s message as it evolves, specific Board deliberations should be treated with discretion.
c. Board members should make no judgments or evaluations of the Chief Executive Officer or staff performance except as that performance is assessed against explicit Board policies by the official review process.

US Squash Policy Statement of Roles and Responsibilities of the Association’s Volunteer Leadership – Board Chair and the Association’s Professional Staff – CEO and Staff

Chief Volunteer (Board Chair) — Provides Board leadership in expediting the goals of the organization

-Serves as member of the Board and fulfills the expectations of Board members.
-Presides at all Board and membership meetings.
-In circumstances not expressly provided for in the By-laws, appoints Board committees in concert with CEO.
-In circumstances not expressly provided for in the By-laws, is ex-officio member of all
-Board committees and provides guidance to those committees when necessary.
-Is wholly focused on the mission of organization. Acts as spokesperson for the Board.
-Serves as advocate and role model for volunteers of the organization.
-Is senior partner with CEO in seeking fulfillment of the Association’s mission.
-In concert with CEO, sets agenda for Board meetings and facilitates the work of the board in completing agenda.
-Maintains regular communication with CEO to keep informed of organizational activities and emerging activities.
-Communicates with CEO on behalf of Board.
-Leads evaluation of the performance of CEO annually.
-Is an integral participant in the organization’s strategic planning process.
-Ensures that designated roles are adhered to.

CEO – Serves as chief operations executive for the organization responsible for achieving the desired end results as established by the Board.

-Leads the process of translating/implementing the Board’s established mission and goals into long-term strategic and annual operating plan.
-In concert with Board chair, prepares agenda for Board meetings. Attends all Board meetings and committee meetings.
-Communicates regularly and provides needed information to assist the Board in fulfilling its decision-making and monitoring roles.
-Initiates and directs the development of policies for Board approval.
-Develops budget in conjunction with finance committee.
-Empowered to establish operating procedures and decides all matters of administrative and supervisory detail in connection with operation and maintenance of organization.
-Recruits, hires and manages association staff to perform the duties required for the operating functions of the organization.
-Serves as the Association’s primary spokesperson and represents the organization as it’s CEO in all dealings with other organizations, individuals and general public.

US Squash Chief Executive Officer Compensation Policy

Background

In 2004, the Executive Committee of the United States Squash Racquets Association (US Squash) adopted a plan to upgrade the position of Executive Director to that of Chief Executive Officer (CEO) as part of a broader overall plan to modernize the governance and general operation of our Association as we naturally evolved from our previous “grass roots” management structure and in accordance with broad trends occurring with many other national sports governing bodies.

The creation of the new CEO position was done to accomplish two things: 1) to be able to attract a seasoned general management executive to lead the Association on a path of expansion and growth and 2) to empower that individual to professionalize the Association’s operations by building and managing a professional “in house” staff as opposed to having a cadre of volunteer Board and other non-professional volunteers engaged in what were fundamentally operating functions of the Association. In its essence the plan required the Board to focus on (i) the selection, review, and ongoing oversight of the CEO, (ii) strategy, (iii) fund raising, and, (iv) financial reporting and controls, with the CEO being given full general management leadership responsibility for the Association. Concurrently, the title of President, a volunteer position, was changed to Board Chair, and in 2007, after an extensive governance and bylaw review process, the Board of Directors was reduced to 10 people from 36 and the other “operating titles” previously given to volunteer Board members (Vice President, Treasurer and Secretary) were eliminated. The Board was now formally charged with oversight of the CEO, providing strategic guidance, fundraising, and the oversight of the financial reporting and related financial controls of the Association.

During the initial search for a CEO in 2003, the board retained a search professional who researched salaries at comparable not-for-profits including National Sports Governing Bodies and other sport management organizations in order to establish a compensation package that the Association (i) could afford, (ii) would attract the best possible talent, and (iii) was in line with the compensation packages at other comparable organizations the Association would seek to emulate.

At that time the Board was provided with data from Mercer Human Resources Consulting showing total annual compensation for National Governing Body Executive Director/CEO positions as well comparable Sports Industry Organizations which was used as the basis for the initial salary and bonus structure. A copy of the memo from Mercer is included in Addendum A which also includes a series of memos covering executive compensation since the creation of the new position of CEO as well as copies of all CEO employment agreements since the position was created. These employment agreements have each been for two (2) year time periods.

Subsequently, the Board formed a Compensation Committee comprised of the Board Chair, the Chair of the Finance Committee, and two other Board members. The Compensation Committee has considered annual surveys of compensation levels of comparable executives to ensure the US Squash CEO’s compensation is consistent with the market. For example results from a 2007-2008 ARC Comp Report based on an analysis of over 3, 000 US based association chief staff executives in public/special interest cause associations with $2 million in annual gross revenue (in the case of US Squash, this would include district associations and endowment revenue) shows that the US Squash CEO’s compensation, once adjusted for the cost of living in the New York area, falls within the average range.

Since the hiring of our first CEO, the Board has conducted formal written performance reviews of the CEO at a minimum annually. Each Board member is asked to provide a written evaluation based upon pre-agreed criteria in order to determine these reviews. Each review also includes a review of the executive’s compensation which considered the parameters set forth above. In addition, the Board Chair periodically reviews the CEO’s travel and entertainment reimbursement practices and amounts to insure they are in accordance with customary and reasonable best practices.

Policy

It is the desire of the US Squash Board to attract and retain a dedicated, seasoned general management executive of the highest caliber available to the post of CEO who will be responsible for managing all areas of the Association’s operations.

It is a primary function of the Board of Directors to undertake a formal written annual performance review of the CEO at fiscal year-end which evaluates the CEO’s leadership and job performance in all key areas. It is a key responsibility of each Board member to thoughtfully and diligently participate in the annual performance review process.

The Finance, Audit and Compensation Committee has the responsibility to determine whether or not it will recommend to the entire Board, for its review and consideration, an annual discretionary compensation bonus based on the results of the performance review. The Compensation sub-committee shall consist of the Board Chair, the Chair of the Finance, Audit and Compensation Committee and two other Board members.

In considering whether or not a bonus is warranted, the Finance, Audit and Compensation Committee and Board as a whole will consider whether the Association has met the financial expectations set forth in the annual budget and other pre-agreed upon performance criteria such as membership growth, effective program implementation, improvement, and oversight, known as Key Tactical Indicators.

The anticipated range of the CEO’s discretionary bonus is to be between 5% and 25% of base compensation in years with overall satisfactory job performance and better.

In addition when considering base salary levels and bonus compensation for the CEO, the Compensation Committee and Board will take in to consideration time relevant surveys of compensation levels of comparable executives to ensure the US Squash CEO’s compensation is consistent and competitive with the market.

The Compensation sub-committee will review no less than annually the travel and entertainment documentation practices and amounts to insure that they are within customary and reasonable best practices.

The Chair of the Finance, Audit and Compensation Committee and Board Chair shall together maintain a confidential ongoing standing file to be made available to all Board members upon request containing chronologically all CEO performance reviews and the comparable organization salary and bonus compensation data utilized in making all compensation decisions as well as the results of the periodic reviews of the travel and entertainment reimbursements to the CEO. This standing file will also include copies of all employment agreements and ancillary documents relevant to the CEO’s employment relationship with the Association.

Periodic Board Level Review of Banking Activity

a) The individuals designated as the Board Chair and Finance Chair for the Association shall share responsibility for undertaking periodic sample basis reviews of the banking activity of the Association.
b) The Board Chair and Finance Chair shall be provided with “read or view only” on‐line access to all of the Association’s operating and cash management bank and investment accounts that will include information regarding all deposits, payment authorizations and transfers, and the front and back copy of all cancelled checks, to enable the conduct of such periodic sample basis reviews.
c) At least quarterly the Board Chair and/or Finance Chair shall undertake the review of the bank and investment account statements seeking to determine on a best efforts sample basis that:

a. Deposits are from expected sources (and in the case of those from unexpected sources, determine they are appropriate);
b. Payments are made only by an authorized employee of U.S. Squash in accordance with U.S. Squash policy;
c. Bank transfers are made only to known U.S. Squash bank accounts and recorded on the same date;
d. Wire transfers are duly authorized in accordance with U.S. Squash procedures,
e. In the case of checks:

i. There are no unusual or second endorsements, such as endorsements by employees when the payee is not the employee;
ii. There are no alterations to the check payee or amount such as erasures or possible use of white‐out; and
iii. Checks are made payable to expected vendors (and, in the case of checks made payable to any unexpected vendors, determine they are appropriate).

d) The Board and Finance Chair shall ensure that management is reviewing: (i) the monthly bank reconciliations and investigating any unusual reconciling items; and, (ii) any journal entries to the cash accounts on a timely basis.

II. CEO Cash Disbursement Authorization Policies and Procedures

All salary, bonus and expense reimbursement payments to be made by the Association directly to the CEO shall only be made upon specific written authorization by the Board Chair with disclosure to the full Board. The Board Chair shall periodically (no less than annually) conduct a “sample review” of the expense reimbursement voucher documentation provided by the CEO to the Association in conjunction with expense reimbursements. The CEO may sign checks and/or authorize banking system payments directly to themselves only upon such written authorization by the Board Chair. In the case of payments to be made via the Association’s payroll service to the CEO, the Board Chair will provide written authorizations to the applicable payroll service provider to effectuate all such payments.

The Finance Committee shall review these policies and procedures at least annually to insure that they are up to date and comply with best practices.

US Squash is committed to sustaining an ethical workplace free of conflicts of interest and perceived conflicts of interest. US Squash therefore has adopted this Gifts and Entertainment Policy to provide instruction to US Squash employees, board members, officers, committee members, task force members, hearing panel members, and volunteers regarding how to handle offers of gifts or other forms of entertainment from individuals or companies that do business with, or are interested in doing business with, US Squash. Additionally, it provides instruction on the US Squash extending gifts to third parties.

General Participation Policies

Broadcast PolicyProtective Eyewear PolicyTransgender Athlete PoliciesFace Covering PolicyCriteria for Awarding National Championships and Designating National Champions

US SQUASH Broadcast Policy

US Squash has been and, in the future, will be entering into agreements with media companies to provide coverage for its various events. There are limitations imposed by these media companies on the spectators at these events, including coach, athlete and volunteer members of US Squash, prohibiting photographing, videotaping and other audio/visual recordings for commercial non-personal use, and broadcasting, publishing and disseminating the product for any and all commercial purposes, and are therefore prohibited without express written permission from US Squash.

Any photographs, videotape or other audio and/or visual recordings of the event created by a spectator may be used solely for such spectator’s personal non-commercial use, and may not be broadcast, published or disseminated, or used for any commercial purposes, without the prior written consent of US Squash. This policy allows for videotaping, filming, digitally recording and photography for educational and personal purposes, however prohibits others from taping and then attempting to sell or post on other sites.  Use of a photographic or recording device within the court, other than by parties approved by US Squash, is prohibited. Live-streaming videos taken during accredited play is prohibited, including, but not limited to, services such as Youtube, Periscope and Meerkat, unless previously approved by US Squash.

Read full policy...

Further Restrictions Applicable in the Case of Minors

Third party photography or recording of participants under the age of 18, other than by those approved by US Squash, is prohibited.  In the case of participants under the age of 18, a participant involved in a match or that participant’s relatives, coach or guardian are permitted to use a photographic or recording device outside of the court. In all instances, US Squash policies related to appropriate use of this content must be followed. In order to reduce the risk of misuse, US Squash does not recommend location-tagging of videos or photos.

This policy, which applies to all accredited competition, inter-relates with other policies and guidelines designed to foster a positive and safe environment for all players, parents, coaches, and spectators. These include, but are not limited to: the US Squash Code of Conduct; the Abuse, Harassment, Bullying and Hazing Policy; and practices espoused by the national SafeSport initiative.

Policies from facilities at which competitions occur may also place additional restrictions beyond those mentioned in this policy.

Examples of the Broadcast Policy applied to regularly occurring situations:

Appropriate Actions and Use:

    • Videotaping one’s own matches to review technique and tactics with the goal of improving one’s own future performance;
    • Photographs or video taken by a parent, player or coach of the players directly involved in the match.
    • Recording matches of personal significance: tournaments or matches of adult players for a personal library of footage;

Inappropriate Actions and Use:

    • Posting of match footage for public viewing online;
    • Third party use of any photographs or video through social media;
    • Any use in connection with disrespectful or bullying comments;
    • A third party requesting permission from parents of an under-18 participant to film a match, or simply filming without permission. This includes a coach, player, or parent of a non-participating player taking scouting footage.

US SQUASH Protective Eyewear Policy

The risk of eye injury in racquet sports such as squash is “high” according to the American Academies of Ophthalmology and Pediatrics, the American Optometric Association, and eye care professionals who have studied sports eye injuries. Fortunately, these injuries are almost totally preventable with appropriate protective equipment.

    • All players and coaches must wear protective eyewear whether playing singles or doubles, hardball or softball squash during all activities that take place on the court involving racquets and balls at US Squash-only accredited events.
    • The eyewear must meet or exceed the current American Society for Testing and Materials standard (ASTM-F803). To be used in competition, protective eyewear must appear on the ASTM reference listing.
    • The eyewear must be unaltered and worn over the eyes as designed at all times.
    • The policy applies to participants at all events in the United States including tournaments, exhibitions, clinics and leagues which are accredited only by the US Squash or organized by its member districts.
    • Players under 19 years of age participating in Junior competitions internationally must wear approved eyewear at all times.
    • Members of Team USA (Men and Women) are strongly encouraged to wear protective eyewear while competing in international events.

US Squash will maintain a reference list of ASTM approved eyewear but does not test, evaluate, or certify eyewear as compliant with ASTM-F803.

Selecting protective eyewear that meets or exceeds the ASTM-F803 standard is the responsibility of individual participants. Streetwear spectacles and unlensed eye protection do not meet the standard. In some cases eyewear manufacturers may assert their products are compliant with the standard or the products may carry the seal of an independent certifier such as the Protective Eyewear Certification Council. However, US Squash recommends seeking advice from an eyewear professional before buying to insure that the eyewear meets or exceeds the ASTM-F803 standard.

Download a printable version of the ASTM-F803 Approved Eyewear List

APPROVED

The companies below assert these eyewear models have been tested and meet the ASTM-F803 standard for eye protection. If you have knowledge indicating otherwise, please send an email to office@ussquash.com.

Black Knight Action Eyes Stiletto
Black Knight Action Eyes Turbo
Black Knight Action Eyes Turbo Junior
Black Knight Lasers
Black Knight Sight Guards
Black Knight Kona
Black Knight Kona Junior
Black Knight Lynx
E-Force Crystal Wrap
E-Force Dual Focus
Ektelon Scopa Slim
Ektelon Speed
Ektelon Strobe
Ektelon Strobe 2009
Ektelon Vendetta
Dunlop I-Armor Protective Eyewear
Dunlop I-Armor Junior Eyewear
Gearbox Vision
Harrow Radar
Harrow Banzai
Harrow Shield Pro

HEAD Impulse
HEAD Pro Elite
HEAD Raptor
HEAD Rave
i-MASK, WARNING: For i-MASK users: Polycarbonate spectacle lenses should be used if spectacles are worn under protective eyewear.
Oliver Mirage
Oliver Prolite
Prince Speed
Prince Pro Lite
Prince Pro Lite II
Prince Scopa Slim
Python Rad Turbo Amber/Lens
Python Rad Turbo
Swans Sports Eye Guard
Tecnifibre Absolute Squash
Tourna Specs Clear
Wilson Jet Eyewear
Wilson Lynx
Wilson nVue Eyewear
Wilson Vents Hope Squash

UNAPPROVED

The following eyewear models have NOT been confirmed as having been tested or having met the ASTM-F803 standard for eye protection and are therefore are NOT currently approved for use in order to be compliant with the US. Squash Protective Eyewear Policy. If you have knowledge indicating otherwise, please send an email to office@ussquash.com.

Ektelon Attitude
Ektelon Mirage II
Ektelon More Game
Ektelon Quantum
Feather Eyewear – all models
Harrow Rudy Project – all models
HEAD Master
HEAD PowerZone Shield Junior
HEAD PowerZone Shield
I.X. Power Pro
I.X. Talbot Speed Pro

Oakley – all models
Rudy Project – all models
S&W Eyewear – all models
Vents Eyewear
Vents Junior
Wilson GPS
Wilson Triple X Squash
Wilson Vents Cadet
Wilson Vents Squash Goggles

ASTM International, known until 2001 as the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), is an international standards organization that develops and publishes voluntary consensus technical standards for a wide range of materials, products, systems, and services.

The ASTM-F803 specification covers eye protectors, designed for use by players of racket sports, women’s lacrosse, field hockey, basketball, baseball, and soccer that minimize or significantly reduce injury to the eye and adnexa due to impact and penetration by racket-sport rackets and balls, women’s lacrosse and field hockey sticks and balls, baseballs, soccer balls, hands, elbows, and fingers. Protective eyewear offers protection only to the eyes and does not protect other parts of the head.

Junior Policy

A transgender athlete under the age of 18 should be allowed to participate in US Squash accredited events in accordance with his/her/their gender identity, irrespective of the sex listed on the athlete’s birth certificate or other records, and regardless of whether the athlete has undergone any medical procedure or treatments.

Adult Policies

    1. A transgender male (FTM) athlete may participate in men’s or mixed competitions without restriction, but is no longer eligible to compete in a women’s competition if undergoing hormone (testosterone) treatment.
    2. A transgender female (MTF) athlete being treated with testosterone suppression medication may participate in women’s competition after completing one calendar year of testosterone suppression treatment. She may continue to participate in men’s competitions until the year of treatment is complete and general policies guiding participation will apply.
    3. Any transgender athlete who is not taking hormone treatment related to gender transition may participate in competition in accordance with his or her assigned birth sex.
        1. General policies guiding participation will apply to transgender male (FTM) athlete who is not taking testosterone related to gender transition.
        2. A transgender female (MTF) athlete who is not taking hormone treatments related to gender transition may not compete on a women’s team.

All players and spectators at an accredited tournament must wear a face covering. This cannot be an N95 or mask with a vent. Cloth face coverings and surgical masks that attach behind the head or ear are approved. Gators, bandanas and buffs are not approved.

Recognizing excellence is a core goal of US Squash, and central to this goal is awarding national championships to the best competitors across different versions of the sport and varied age divisions.

US Squash engages in regular re-evaluation of its championship structure, utilizing the National Championship Committee, to ensure continued integrity with how championships are structured and champions recognized.

Term Definitions:

    • National Championship(s): A tournament held in which winners of some or all divisions determine a national champion.
    • Championship Division: A division within a National Championship(s) in which the winner is honored as a national champion.
    • National Champion: The individual, or team, honored as a U.S. champion through virtue of winning a Championship Division.
    • Open Division: A division in which players of any age or skill level may participate assuming other requirements have been met. For the purposes of this document, an “Open Division” does denote whether or not non-U.S. citizens can compete in that division.
    • Age Division: A division in which players are restricted to participate if they are younger, or older in the case of junior tournaments, than the age cutoff.

Key Principles:

To determine a national champion, a tournament or division should:

    • recognize those who are the best competitors nationally in the specific competition in which they are playing, whether in an open or age division;
    • have demonstrated a significant level of participation in a given year;
    • meet other specific qualifications, including age, for that division.

Criteria:

Based on the above principles, US Squash follows the below standards and criteria for awarding national championships and designating championship divisions.  Criteria apply across all versions of the game and apply equally, unless specifically noted otherwise. Versions include, but are not limited to: Singles/Doubles Softball, Singles/Doubles Hardball, Squash 57 (English Racketball).

Awarding National Championships

A National Championships must be representative of a version of the sport that has adequate participation across many regions of the country in which the sport is played. Versions of the sport that are localized in a particular region should not be eligible for a National Championships until participation has grown into multiple regions.

The National Championships should be made up of divisions in which there is a reasonable amount of accredited play occurring during the season, such as US Squash accredited leagues and tournaments.

NOTE: Consideration for versions of the game with lower overall participation numbers should be given to those which are showing sustained growth that is expected to continue.

Process for Certification and Decertification: This process evaluates existing or potential tournaments based on the criteria in this document.

    • Certification: In general, a minimum of two-year trial process be set for certifying a new event as a National Championships. In this time, the tournament would aim to clearly establish itself as meeting the criteria for a National Championships, along with an expectation of sustainability.
    • Decertification: The National Championships Committee may make a recommendation to the US Squash Board for a tournament to be decertified as a National Championships. This triggers a two-year process where recent prior participants of that tournament would be notified of the recommendation for decertification, and the areas in which the version of the sport or the National Championships needs to make progress to avoid decertification. At the end of the two-year timeframe, the National Championships Committee makes a follow-up recommendation to the board.

NOTE:  Hardball Squash Doubles presents opportunities for novel combinations of top-level players, even if those combinations are not competed in actively during the season, such as the Century or Father/Son Championships. These tournaments may not have robust equivalent accredited play throughout the season, however often involve elite players who are competing actively in hardball doubles throughout the year. They should still be evaluated based on the established criteria, while recognizing their unique positioning.

    • Designating Championship Divisions
        • Individual participants or teams must be scheduled to play at least three matches, against three different opponents or teams, over the course of the tournament (e.g. a minimum of four entrants in singles, or four teams in doubles or team competitions)
            • Both traditional draws or round robin formats are acceptable

           

            • Unexpected events leading to fewer matches, such as late withdraws or injury defaults, does not preclude a championship from being awarded

       

        • In the event divisions are combined, a national champion is only determined in the division played
            • If a men’s 45+ division did not have enough players and was combined with the men’s 40+, only a men’s 40+ champion would be recognized

           

            • Should a division already qualify as a championship division, it should not be combined with a younger division. In the above example, if there were adequate players to compete for a championship in a 45+ division, it should not be combined with the 40+, even if the 40+ was undersubscribed

       

        • National champion titles should be awarded only in open or age divisions. Skill level division winners (other than the top skill level at the national championships event) are not considered national champions
            • Only the winning team in the A division of Howe Cup, the top men’s and women’s divisions at the US Squash Skill Level Championships, or the top team at the U.S. High School Team Championships are considered national champions

       

        • The National Championships Committee should evaluate championship divisions annually on whether the best national competitors at that age or version of the game are competing for the championship. The following considerations are considered when making their evaluations and recommendation to the board:
            • Are players ranked at the top of that division, and/or the best eligible players, participating in the national championship?

           

            • Was a lower level of competition in a division a single-year phenomenon, or a pattern over time?

           

            • Are participants competing at a high level of play in related divisions over time or during the season?

       

National Championships Committee

The National Championships Committee is responsible for two primary duties (1) reviewing the criteria for national championships periodically and recommending any adjustments to the US Squash Board, and (2) evaluating potential and existing National Championships and National Championship Divisions based on the established criteria for the purposes of making a certification or de-certification recommendation to the US Squash Board. The National Championships Committee is separate from individual committees established to encourage participation across national championships.

Code of Conduct

The US Squash Codes of Conduct exist to elevate and maintain the high standard of sportsmanship in squash competition. They have been developed to maintain enjoyment and safety during accredited play, and are aligned with US Squash values of fairness, sportsmanship and respect.

Being respectful of one’s opponent and the officials, courteous on and off the court, and responsible for one’s own behavior are the fundamentals of competing in a sportsmanlike manner and upholding the integrity of the sport. Squash requires achieving this, while competing in very close quarters with ones opponent, often in situations where the players are physically and mentally pushed to the limit, when the difference between winning and losing fairly, is in the hands and control of each player, regardless of the officials involved.

Competitors must balance many elements which are ultimately in the control of each individual: sportsmanship with the desire to win; courtesy and respect with raw determination; fair play and while testing limits physically and mentally. Preserving the integrity of squash, the true essence of the sport, relies on everyone involved in the game to be courteous, respectful and responsible for his or her own behavior.

Code of Conduct for Members and ParticipantsCode of Conduct for ParentsCoaches and AttendeesMisconduct Reporting and Response ProceduresReport Exceptional Sportsmanship

CODE OF CONDUCT FOR MEMBERS AND PARTICIPANTS

Preamble

The integrity of the game is of paramount importance. Being respectful of one’s opponent and the officials, courteous on and off the court, and responsible for one’s own behavior are the fundamentals of competing in a sportsmanlike manner and upholding the integrity of the sport. Squash requires achieving this, while competing in very close quarters with ones opponent, often in situations where the players are physically and mentally pushed to the limit, when the difference between winning and losing fairly, is in the hands and control of each player, regardless of the officials involved.

Competitors must balance many elements which are ultimately in the control of each individual: sportsmanship with the desire to win; courtesy and respect with raw determination; fair play and while testing limits physically and mentally. Preserving the integrity of squash, the true essence of the sport, relies on everyone involved in the game to be courteous, respectful and responsible for his or her own behavior.

Code of Conduct

I therefore pledge to be responsible for my words and actions while participating in US Squash competition and conform my behavior to the following code of conduct:

  1. I will learn and abide by all US Squash Rules, Policies, Procedures and Guidelines, those of the U.S. Olympic & Paralympic Committee that are applicable, and the current

    Rules of Squash.

  2. I will learn and abide by all US Squash Rules, Policies, Procedures and Guidelines, those of the U.S. Olympic & Paralympic Committee that are applicable, and the current Rules of Squash.
  3. I will not engage in unsportsmanlike conduct with any coach, parent, player, participant, official, US Squash staff member or any other attendee.
  4. I will not engage in any behavior which would endanger the health, safety or well-being of any coach, parent, player, participant, official, US Squash staff member or any other attendee.
  5. I will not engage in the use of profanity.
  6. I will treat any coach, parent, player, participant, official, US Squash staff member or any other attendee with respect regardless of race, creed, color, national origin, sex, sexual orientation or ability.
  7. I will not engage in verbal or physical threats or abuse aimed at any coach, parent, player, participant, official, US Squash staff member or any other attendee.
  8. I will not engage in a fight or argue with any coach, parent, player, participant, official, US Squash staff member or any other attendee.
  9. I will respect the officials and their authority during a match and will never question, discuss, or confront players or officials before, during or after a match.

I hereby agree that if I fail to conform my conduct to the foregoing while attending, coaching, officiating or participating in a squash event I will be subject to disciplinary action, including but not limited to the following in any order or combination:

Disciplinary Actions

These disciplinary actions will be imposed in a manner commensurate with the offense and in accordance with the below qualifications of the severity of their disruption or threat.

  1. Verbal warning issued by a league, organization, school official, or US Squash.
  2. Written warning issued by a league, organization, school official, or US Squash.
  3. Suspension or immediate ejection from an event and/or suspension for a period of time ranging from days to weeks, issued by a league, organization or school official who is authorized to issue such suspension or ejection by a school board, youth sports organization, or US Squash.
  4. Suspension from multiple events and/or suspension for a period of time ranging from weeks to months, issued by a league, organization or school official who is authorized to issue such suspension by a school board, youth sports organization, or US Squash.
  5. Season suspension, multiple season suspension, or lifetime suspension, issued by a school board, youth sports organization or US Squash.

Types of Infractions

Minor Infraction

A Minor Infraction will result in penalties and warnings within the rights of a referee during a match and or equal to the disciplinary action 1 or 2 as written above. A Minor Infraction is defined as a single occurrence or disturbance from which no threat has been brought upon any coach, parent, player, participant, official, US Squash staff member or any other attendee though is a violation of the “Player Code of Conduct”. Examples of Minor Infractions include but are not limited to:

  • A single instance of disrespectful language or actions directed at any coach, parent, player, participant, official, US Squash staff member or any other attendee.
  • A single occurrence of excessive tardiness or absenteeism at which ones presence is obligatory.
  • A single occurrence of non-compliance with the Policies and Guidelines set forth by US Squash.

Major Infraction

A Major Infraction will result in disciplinary actions involving suspension from a single event, multiple events, a season or multiple seasons. A Major Infraction is defined as repeated Minor Infractions or a single occurrence or disturbance of an event in which a threat has been brought upon any coach, parent, player, participant, official, US Squash staff member or any other attendee. These threats or actions if deemed sufficiently damaging to the event or sport gives US Squash or the event organizers the right to immediate action in accordance with any and all disciplinary actions as outlined in the “Player Code of Conduct”. Examples of Major Infractions include but are not limited to:

  • Multiple reported instances of disrespectful language or actions directed at any coach, parent, player, participant, official, US Squash staff member or any other attendee.
  • A threat or act of violence or assault, sexual or otherwise, against any coach, parent, player, participant, official, US Squash staff member or any other attendee.

CODE OF CONDUCT FOR PARENTS

Preamble

Youth sports programs play an important role in promoting the physical, social and emotional development of children. It is therefore essential for parents, coaches and officials to encourage youth athletes to embrace the values of good sportsmanship. Moreover, adults involved in youth sports events should be models of good sportsmanship and should lead by example by demonstrating fairness, respect and self-control.

Code of Conduct

I therefore pledge to be responsible for my words and actions while attending, coaching, officiating or participating in a US Squash event and conform my behavior to the following code of conduct:

  1. I will learn the rules of the squash and abide by all US Squash Policies.
  2. I will not engage, nor encourage my child/player, in unsportsmanlike conduct with any coach, parent, player, participant, official, US Squash staff member or any other attendee.
  3. I will not engage, nor encourage my child/player, in any behavior which would endanger the health, safety or well-being of any coach, parent, player, participant, official, US Squash staff member or any other attendee.
  4. I will not engage, nor encourage my child/player, in the use of profanity.
  5. I will, and encourage my child/player to, treat any coach, parent, player, participant, official, US Squash staff member or any other attendee with respect regardless of race, creed, color, national origin, sex, sexual orientation or ability.
  6. I will not engage, nor encourage my child/player to engage, in verbal or physical threats or abuse aimed at any coach, parent, player, participant, official, US Squash staff member or any other attendee.
  7. I will not engage, nor encourage my child/player to engage, in a fight or argue with any coach, parent, player, participant, official, US Squash staff member or any other attendee.
  8. I will, and will encourage my child/player to, respect the officials and their authority during a match and will never question, discuss, or confront players or officials before, during or after a match.
  9. I will promote the emotional and physical wellbeing of the athletes ahead of any personal desire I may have for my child to win.

I hereby agree that if I fail to conform my conduct to the foregoing while attending, coaching, officiating or participating in a US Squash event I will be subject to disciplinary action, including but not limited to the following in any order or combination:

Disciplinary Actions

These disciplinary actions will be imposed in a manner commensurate with their offense and in accordance with the below qualifications of the severity of their disruption or threat.

  1. Verbal warning issued by a league, organization, school official, or US Squash.
  2. Written warning issued by a league, organization, school official, or US Squash.
  3. Suspension or immediate ejection from a youth sports event and/or suspension for a period of time ranging from days to weeks, issued by a league, organization or school official who is authorized to issue such suspension or ejection by a school board, youth sports organization, or US Squash.
  4. Suspension from multiple youth sports events and/or suspension for a period of time ranging from weeks to months, issued by a league, organization or school official who is authorized to issue such suspension by a school board, youth sports organization, or US Squash.
  5. Season suspension, multiple season suspension, or lifetime suspension, issued by a school board, youth sports organization or US Squash.

Types of Infractions

Minor Infraction

A Minor Infraction will result in penalties and warnings within the rights of a referee during a match and or equal to the disciplinary action 1 or 2 as written above. A Minor Infraction is defined as a single occurrence or disturbance from which no threat has been brought upon any coach, parent, player, participant, official, US Squash staff member or any other attendee though is a violation of the “Parent, Coach and Attendee Code of Conduct” or the rules of squash as they relate to conduct and etiquette. Examples of Minor Infractions include but are not limited to:

  • A single instance of disrespectful language or actions directed at any coach, parent, player, participant, official, US Squash staff member or any other attendee.
  • A single occurrence of excessive tardiness or absenteeism for a US Squash event at which ones presence is obligatory.
  • A single occurrence of non-compliance with the policies and rules set forth by US Squash.

Major Infraction

A Major Infraction will result in disciplinary actions involving suspension from a single event, multiple events, a season or multiple seasons. A Major Infraction is defined as repeated minor infraction or a single occurrence or disturbance of an event in which a threat has been brought upon any coach, parent, player, participant, official, US Squash staff member or any other attendee. These threats or actions if deemed sufficiently damaging to the event or sport gives US Squash or the event organizers the right to immediate action in accordance with any and all disciplinary actions as outlined in the “Parent, Coach and Attendee Code of Conduct”. Examples of Major infractions include but are not limited to:

  • Multiple reported instances of disrespectful language or actions directed at any coach, parent, player, participant, official, US Squash staff member or any other attendee.
  • A threat or act of violence or assault, sexual or otherwise, against any coach, parent, player, participant, official, US Squash staff member or any other attendee.

COACHES AND ATTENDEES

Preamble

Youth sports programs play an important role in promoting the physical, social and emotional development of children. It is therefore essential for parents, coaches and officials to encourage youth athletes to embrace the values of good sportsmanship. Moreover, adults involved in youth sports events should be models of good sportsmanship and should lead by example by demonstrating fairness, respect and self-control.

Code of Conduct

I therefore pledge to be responsible for my words and actions while attending, coaching, officiating or participating in a US Squash event and conform my behavior to the following code of conduct:

  1. I will learn the rules of the squash and abide by all US Squash Policies.
  2. I will not engage, nor encourage my child/player, in unsportsmanlike conduct with any coach, parent, player, participant, official, US Squash staff member or any other attendee.
  3. I will not engage, nor encourage my child/player, in any behavior which would endanger the health, safety or well-being of any coach, parent, player, participant, official, US Squash staff member or any other attendee.
  4. I will not engage, nor encourage my child/player, in the use of profanity.
  5. I will, and encourage my child/player to, treat any coach, parent, player, participant, official, US Squash staff member or any other attendee with respect regardless of race, creed, color, national origin, sex, sexual orientation or ability.
  6. I will not engage, nor encourage my child/player to engage, in verbal or physical threats or abuse aimed at any coach, parent, player, participant, official, US Squash staff member or any other attendee.
  7. I will not engage, nor encourage my child/player to engage, in a fight or argue with any coach, parent, player, participant, official, US Squash staff member or any other attendee.
  8. I will, and will encourage my child/player to, respect the officials and their authority during a match and will never question, discuss, or confront players or officials before, during or after a match.
  9. I will promote the emotional and physical wellbeing of the athletes ahead of any personal desire I may have for my child to win.

I hereby agree that if I fail to conform my conduct to the foregoing while attending, coaching, officiating or participating in a US Squash event I will be subject to disciplinary action, including but not limited to the following in any order or combination:

Disciplinary Actions

These disciplinary actions will be imposed in a manner commensurate with their offense and in accordance with the below qualifications of the severity of their disruption or threat.

  1. Verbal warning issued by a league, organization, school official, or US Squash.
  2. Written warning issued by a league, organization, school official, or US Squash.
  3. Suspension or immediate ejection from a youth sports event and/or suspension for a period of time ranging from days to weeks, issued by a league, organization or school official who is authorized to issue such suspension or ejection by a school board, youth sports organization, or US Squash.
  4. Suspension from multiple youth sports events and/or suspension for a period of time ranging from weeks to months, issued by a league, organization or school official who is authorized to issue such suspension by a school board, youth sports organization, or US Squash.
  5. Season suspension, multiple season suspension, or lifetime suspension, issued by a school board, youth sports organization or US Squash.

Types of Infractions

Minor Infraction

A Minor Infraction will result in penalties and warnings within the rights of a referee during a match and or equal to the disciplinary action 1 or 2 as written above. A Minor Infraction is defined as a single occurrence or disturbance from which no threat has been brought upon any coach, parent, player, participant, official, US Squash staff member or any other attendee though is a violation of the “Parent, Coach and Attendee Code of Conduct” or the rules of squash as they relate to conduct and etiquette. Examples of Minor Infractions include but are not limited to:

  • A single instance of disrespectful language or actions directed at any coach, parent, player, participant, official, US Squash staff member or any other attendee.
  • A single occurrence of excessive tardiness or absenteeism for a US Squash event at which ones presence is obligatory.
  • A single occurrence of non-compliance with the policies and rules set forth by US Squash.

Major Infraction

A Major Infraction will result in disciplinary actions involving suspension from a single event, multiple events, a season or multiple seasons. A Major Infraction is defined as repeated minor infraction or a single occurrence or disturbance of an event in which a threat has been brought upon any coach, parent, player, participant, official, US Squash staff member or any other attendee. These threats or actions if deemed sufficiently damaging to the event or sport gives US Squash or the event organizers the right to immediate action in accordance with any and all disciplinary actions as outlined in the “Parent, Coach and Attendee Code of Conduct”. Examples of Major infractions include but are not limited to:

  • Multiple reported instances of disrespectful language or actions directed at any coach, parent, player, participant, official, US Squash staff member or any other attendee.
  • A threat or act of violence or assault, sexual or otherwise, against any coach, parent, player, participant, official, US Squash staff member or any other attendee.

If a member observes a violation of the US Squash Code of Conduct during accredited play, he or she is encouraged to report it to or league or tournament director, or a US Squash staff member if available on site. League or tournament directors will collect additional information as necessary and submit a Code of Conduct violation form to US Squash.

When a report is filed with US Squash, staff members will follow up with the involved parties as necessary and take action in accordance with the disciplinary actions listed in the Code of Conduct. In certain circumstances, the applicable portions of the US SQUASH Decision Review, Dispute Resolution, and Rule Clarification Procedures and Board of Review Disciplinary and Grievance Procedures will be utilized.

Code of Conduct Incident Report Form

While it is important to identify violators of the Code of Conduct, it is equally important to identify players who exhibit exceptional sportsmanship and the ideals of the Code of Conduct.  If you witness a player exhibiting exceptional sportsmanship at a tournament, let US Squash know about it! If you have seen a player who has acted in an admirable way during accredited matches, please share the moment with US Squash.

Exceptional Sportsmanship Form

Junior Squash Policies

Junior Rankings Structure PoliciesCut List Calculations, Processes, and PoliciesSeeding Calculations, Processes, and PoliciesTournament Withdrawal and Match DefaultTournament Procedure PoliciesEntry Management and Tournament Timelines Tournament Eligibility Criteria
The Points-Based Ranking System

The Points-Based Ranking System

Players earn points towards their ranking based on the type of tournament in which they play, the finishing position they achieve in the tournament, and size of their division at entry close.

Tournaments are broken up into the following four main categories, listed in order of descending point value: Junior Championship Tour (JCT), Gold, Silver, and Bronze. Additionally, players can earn points in U.S. Championships, Regional Junior Championships, and High School League Individual Championship Tournaments.

The points table is structured in a way where there is overlap in points between each level of tournament. Therefore, the top finishers in one level of tournament will earn more points than the bottom finishers of the higher-level tournament.

Therefore, a player can increase his or her ranking by performing well at a level of tournament in which he or she can qualify for. Consistent, strong performances at one level of tournament will increase a player’s point average to a point where that player will be able to qualify for the higher points earning tournaments.

For a full breakdown of the points available in different tournament types please view the Junior Ranking Points Table.

Junior Ranking Points Table

The Rankings

The Rankings

To determine a player’s ranking, an average of their highest points-earned tournaments is taken and compared against the averages of other ranked players in their age group.

Only tournaments from the previous 11 months (determined as forty-eight weeks) will be factored into a player’s ranking point average. After 11 months, tournament points become inactive and no longer affect a player’s ranking.

NOTE: Tournaments will not be included in the ranking calculation on or after to the drop-off date listed on a player’s profile.

A minimum of three tournaments in a specific age division within an 11-month period are required to receive a ranking.

The rankings calculation takes place every Wednesday by 5:00am EST and will take into account all active tournaments, including those from the previous weekend.

Players must be current U.S. Citizens or U.S. Residents to be listed in the rankings.

International players who are not permanent U.S. residents may earn junior tournament points by participating in accredited tournaments. These points will be used to calculate their seeding points and cut list points average for future tournaments, but international players are not eligible to receive a US Squash ranking.

Players must complete the age-appropriate online referee exam to be listed in the rankings. Players will need to recertify with a new referee exam every two years as they move into older age divisions.

Age Group Exam Required
U13 Level 1
U15 Level 2
U17 Level 3
U19 Level 4

 

NOTE: Should a player be removed due to not successfully completing their referee exam requirement, that player will be added back to the rankings in the first rankings calculation after successfully completing the missing requirement.

Ranking Average Divisor

Ranking Average Divisor

If a player participates in 4 or fewer tournaments, their ranking average is calculated as the sum of these points for all active tournaments, divided by 4.

If a player participates in 5, 6, 7, or 8 tournaments, their ranking average will be calculated by taking the average of their best 4 tournaments (sum of top point-earning 4 tournaments, divided by 4).

If a player participates in 9, 10, or 11 tournaments, their ranking average will be calculated as the average of their best 5 tournaments (sum of top point-earning 5 tournaments, divided by 5).

If a player participates in 12, 13, or 14 tournaments, their ranking average will be calculated as the average of their best 6 tournaments (sum of top point-earning 6 tournaments, divided by 6).

As a player’s exposure count increases by three tournaments, their divisor will continue to increase by one.

Aging Up into a New Division

Aging Up into a New Division

When a player ages into a new division, their ranking is removed from the younger age division.

Tournaments from the younger age division are carried over into the rankings for the older age division. These tournaments will count as exposures in the new age division. The points earned in each of these tournaments will be converted to older age divisions at the below rates before being factored into the rankings of the older division.

Division            Conversion Percentage
U11 to U13       45%
U13 to U15       50%
U15 to U17       60%
U17 to U19       65%

Once a player ages up into an older division, a maximum of four tournaments will be converted. Each tournament in which a player competes in the older age division will then replace a converted tournament from the younger age division in the ranking calculation, until no converted tournaments remain on a player’s ranking.

NOTE: The four tournaments that are converted into the older division are the top active point earning tournaments from the younger age division.

EXAMPLE: If a player ages up into the GU17 division and has already played two tournaments in that division, her average would be based off those two tournaments (regardless of what she earned in those events) and her two highest points-earned GU15 tournaments are converted at a rate of 60%. When she plays a third GU17 tournament, another converted GU15 tournament will drop off her GU17 ranking; when she plays a fourth GU17 tournament, no converted tournaments will remain part of her ranking.

Competing in Higher Age Divisions

Competing in Higher Age Divisions

A player may choose to participate in an older age group in all levels of tournament, except for Bronze tournaments. I Bronze tournaments, players may only participate in the one division that corresponds to his or her age.

When a player chooses to play in an older age group, he or she will earn points towards a ranking in the older age division. The points earned in the older age division will stay on the player’s ranking in the older age division until the points become inactive.

Points from an older age division cannot be converted downward to apply to a player’s ranking in a younger age division.

NOTE: In the case of a combined age division, players may choose to convert their points to a younger age group. For more on policies concerning a combined age division, please see “Tournament Procedures and Policies” in the “Rules and Policies” section.

Summer Gold Tournaments

Summer Gold Tournaments

Points from a maximum of two gold tournaments may apply to a player’s ranking in any given age division held from June 1, 2020 through Labor Day weekend.

If a player participates in more than two gold tournaments in any given age group, their top two point-earning events will automatically be used.

Summer gold tournaments not counting towards a player’s ranking average will not be included in that player’s overall tournament exposure count.

NOTE: If a player incurs a 0-point ranking penalty due to a second late withdrawal or mid-tournament default, that tournament will count on the player’s record even if they have played in more than two summer gold tournaments.

Cut List Calculations, Processes, and Policies

When a division is oversubscribed, a cut list is created to determine which players directly enter the tournament, and which are placed on a wait list. A player’s cut list points generally equates to their ranking points average, but differs in certain circumstances, e.g. when a player does not have four or more exposures in an age division.  The criteria for calculating cut list points is the following:

  • If a player has four or more active tournaments in the age group for which they are registered, their cut list points are based on their ranking points average in that division.
  • If a player chooses to “play up” in an older age group, the player’s cut list points will be based on their ranking points average as if they had aged-up into that division per the age-up policy for rankings.
  • If a player has fewer than four active tournaments in the division he or she intends to play and also has active tournaments in an older age group, tournament points will be converted “down” to the younger age group at a rate of 120% of the tournament points in the higher age division.
  • If a player has fewer than four active tournaments, their cut list points will always be based on a divisor of four, e.g. if a player only has two active tournaments within the last 11 months valuing 1500 and 500 tournament points, their cut list points calculation for the Cut List will be 2000/4 = 500.

Seeding Calculations, Processes, and Policies

In any given draw, players will be seeded in order of their US Squash “seeding points” in the appropriate age division. Generally, seeding points equate to a player’s ranking points average, but differ in certain circumstances, e.g. players with fewer than four exposures in a division.

In the event of a tie in seeding points, player rating will be used as a tiebreaker.

Seeding will be based on the seeding points calculation from the Wednesday 1.5 weeks before the start of the tournament.

Late withdrawals after the draws have been released may be replaced with the next player on the waitlist, if the waitlisted player is ranked below the withdrawing player. However, in the event of a withdrawal from a top seeded player or if the waitlisted player has a higher ranking than the withdrawing player, US Squash reserves the right to entirely reseed the draw, rather than simply replacing the withdrawing player with the #1 player on the waitlist. If there is no waitlist, the withdrawing player will remain on the draw and the first-round match will be recorded as a default.

US Squash may use its discretion, and will consult with the local tournament director, when seeding foreign players or U.S. players with little or no tournament exposure, to seed players accurately with the goal of balanced and fair draws.

The seeding points calculation is based on the following criteria:

  • If a junior is playing in their current age group and has a “full” ranking in that division, as defined by four or more tournaments in the last 11 months, seeding points are based on their ranking points average in that division.

NOTE: Late withdrawal penalties are not factored into the seeding points calculation.

  • If a player chooses to “play up” in an older age group, that player’s seeding points will be based on the ranking point average as if they had aged-up into that division per the standard rankings age-up policy. Age-up percentages are listed in the “Junior Ranking System” section.
  • If a player has fewer than four active tournaments in the division in which they intend to play, but also has active tournaments in an older age division, tournament points will be converted down to the younger age group at 120%.

NOTE: Points in the division of participation take priority over any possible point conversions from younger or older age divisions.

All seeding points are calculated after tournament points have been converted into the division in which seeding is occurring.

  • If a player has fewer than four active tournaments in their age division, as well as no active tournaments in an older or younger age division, the following calculations will be used to calculate seeding points based on the number of active tournaments:
    • One active tournament: the seeding point average is calculated by taking 50% of that one tournament.
    • Two active tournaments: the seeding point average is calculated by taking 70% of the average.
    • Three active tournaments: the seeding point average is calculated by taking 90% of the average.

Straight bracket seeding will be used for National Championships (1 v. 32, 2 v. 31, etc.). National Championships seeding is based on the “seeding point” calculations listed above. For all other events, randomized seeding groups are used: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5-8, 9-12, 13-16, 17-20, 21-24, 25-28, and 29-32. Players in each seeding group are drawn at random to fill the positions on the draw for those groups.

For Gold and JCT events, the only seeding changes that are permissible are when siblings are scheduled to play on the same half of a draw. If this occurs, the lower seeded of the two siblings may be moved within their seeding group to the other half of the draw to avoid playing their sibling until later in the tournament (e.g.: switching a 17 seed with an 18 seed).

NOTE: Siblings will not be moved to opposite halves of the draw if there are extenuating circumstances with the draw, for National Championships, or if both players are seeded in the top four positions.

Tournament directors of Bronze and Silver events have some flexibility to move players within the randomized seeding groups that are provided above. Any seeding changes must be approved by US Squash.

Late Withdraw

For all junior accredited tournaments, a player may withdraw without penalty before 12:00pm (noon) in the time zone of the tournament on the Monday prior to the start of the tournament. Any withdrawal after this deadline and before the start of a player’s first match is considered a late withdrawal. Any player who is registered for a tournament and does not show up to play is also considered a late withdrawal. Doctor’s notes are not accepted to waive late withdrawal penalties.

Penalties for late withdrawals are as follows:

  • 1st late withdraw within an 11-month period: No penalty, but the late withdrawal will be noted on the player’s record.
  • 2nd withdraw within an 11-month period: The player receives a rankings penalty. The penalty is a zero-point tournament being added to the player’s record. The zero-point tournament counts as a tournament exposure and will be treated like any other tournament with regards to rankings
  • 3rd or further withdrawal within an 11-month period: For any additional late withdrawal within the 11-months, the player will continue to receive a late withdrawal rankings penalty for each tournament in question.

NOTE: Any ranking penalty which results from a late withdrawal in a Summer Gold tournament will count on that player’s record as a penalty/exposure, even if he or she has played in more than two summer gold tournaments. In other words, the penalty associated with a late withdrawal cannot be waived, removed, or otherwise opted out of.

Mid-Tournament Defaults

The tournament director may default a player if that player has not arrived on court by 15 minutes after the scheduled match time. Players who default a match in a tournament also default any subsequent scheduled matches. Players may be permitted to continue in the tournament at the discretion of the tournament director. In making these decisions, the tournament director will take into consideration the level of communication with the player, court availability, and any other relevant specific factors. In no case is the tournament director obligated to make special accommodations for a player.

Players are expected to arrive at each tournament with the intention of playing and completing all scheduled matches. Any player deemed to have needlessly defaulted out of a tournament will receive a mid-tournament default ranking penalty. The penalty will be a zero-point tournament being added to the player’s record. The zero-point tournament counts as a tournament exposure and will be treated like any other tournament with regards to rankings.

If a player begins a tournament but is unable to complete all scheduled matches due to illness or injury, the zero-point mid-tournament default ranking penalty can be waived with a doctor’s note. The doctor’s note must be submitted via email to tournaments@ussquash.com within one week of the last day of the tournament. The doctor’s note cannot be written by a family member and must be from an independent source.

In the case of an approved and received doctor’s note, the player will receive the lowest amount of points available based on the round achieved at the time of the withdrawal. For instance, if a player defaults a semifinal match, he or she will receive points for a 4th place finish if there was a 3/4 playoff match scheduled.

Players may not opt out of zero-point rankings penalties when a penalty is assessed during a points-optional tournament (e.g. Regional Junior Championships or U.S. Junior Open). In the event the rankings penalty occurs during a Summer Gold tournament, the tournament will count as one of the two Summer Gold tournaments allowed to count towards a player’s ranking.

Scoring

Standard point-a-rally scoring (PAR) to 11 points will be used in all accredited junior tournaments. All matches in accredited junior tournaments are best-of-5 games.

Refereeing Requirements

In all US Squash accredited junior play, players are responsible for refereeing their peers. Winners and losers are responsible for officiating after their match–the winner acts as referee and the loser as marker–unless released by the Tournament Director. The Tournament Director may also ask players to referee matches at other times or on other courts.

Referees should know and understand all World Squash Federation Softball Singles Rules.

To sign up for and participate in Silver, Gold, JCT, and National Championship tournaments, all players must have passed the appropriate age-specific referee exam based on their age at the time of the tournament.

Age Group Exam Required
U13 Level 1
U15 Level 2
U17 Level 3
U19 Level 4

 

The referee and marker must be ready and present immediately following the completion of their match. While the losing player must remain at the court to time the four-minute warm up, the winning player may go to the tournament desk to turn in their score sheet and obtain the score sheet for the next match on their court if digital scoring is not being used.

A player not fulfilling their refereeing responsibilities may lose their current US Squash referee certification and will need to retake the online age-specific referee exam. Current referee certification is required to maintain a US Squash junior ranking.

Additionally, a player who abandons their referee responsibilities will be given zero points for their participation in the event.

Number of Guaranteed Matches

A minimum of 3 scheduled matches will be provided for all players in an accredited tournament. Players are expected to complete all scheduled matches.

Late withdrawals, injuries, or other unexpected events may lead to some players receiving 2 or fewer matches.

*Note: Due to scheduling issues resulting from the structure of the draws, division sizes of 13, 17, and 25 are exceptions to the 3 minimum match policy. In the case of a 13, 17, or 25 player draw, one player will receive only 2 matches.

Break Between Matches

For National, Gold, and JCT events, players will have a minimum of 3 hours between scheduled match start times.

For Silver events, players are recommended to have a minimum of 2 hours between scheduled match start times.

For Bronze events, players are recommended to have a minimum of 1.5 hours between scheduled match start times.

Combined Age Divisions

In some cases, a tournament director may choose to combine age divisions due to low entries or other extenuating factors.

EXAMPLE: If the GU11 division receives 2 entries and the GU13 division receives 5 entries, the tournament director may choose to combine the GU11 and GU13 divisions. In the event divisions are combined, players who are age-eligible for the younger age division may choose to have their points earned from that tournament applied to their ranking in the younger age division.

NOTE: If a player who registered in the lower age division wishes to have their points converted into their standard age division, he or she must communicate this request via email to tournaments@ussquash.com in order to have the points adjusted. Players must make the request to have points converted to the younger age division within 4 weeks of the completion of the tournament. Once the conversion has been made, the points cannot be converted back to the original division at a later date. If a request is not formally sent to US Squash, the points will not be converted.

NOTE: In the rare event that three or more age divisions are combined, players may only request to have points converted down one age division. For example, if the GU15, GU17, and GU19 divisions are combined, points are only available for the GU17 and GU19 divisions.

If there are four or more players who are eligible for the younger age division that has been combined into the older age division, the requesting player will earn points equivalent to their relative finish compared to only players eligible for the younger age division that also participated in the combined division.

EXAMPLE: If five players qualify for the BU11 division by age and the BU11 and BU13 divisions were combined, the player with the best finish out of those five players will receive points for first place in the BU11 division if a points conversion is requested.

If there are three or fewer players in a combined age division who are age-eligible for the younger age group, any players requesting to convert their points to the younger age division will earn the same number of points in the younger age division as they did for their finish in the older combined division.

The player may also choose to not convert their point values into the younger age division and instead take the points in the older age division.

Regular Tournament Registration Deadline (Entry Deadline)

For National, Gold, and JCT Events: Regular tournament registration closes at 12:00pm (in the time zone of the tournament) on the Wednesday 3.5 weeks before the start of the event.

For Bronze and Silver events: Regular tournament registration closes 12:00pm (in the time zone of the tournament) on the Wednesday 2.5 weeks before the start of the event.

The U.S. Junior Open Squash Championships operates on a different timeline then all other tournaments. Please see the tournament page for the entry deadline.

Entry into a tournament is only guaranteed once regular entry deadline has passed and the cut list has been announced. Prior to the deadline players will be placed on the entrants list in order of their cutlist points. At the regular entry deadline, a cutlist will be formed in oversubscribed divisions.

All players who register for a tournament after the regular entry deadline are considered late entries and will be entered into the division on a first come, first served basis if the division is under the division size cap.

Players per Division

Division sizes will be limited to 8, 12, 16, 24, or 32 players. The specific division size cap per division varies based on tournament type, region of the tournament, and division. Each tournament page will clearly specify the size of each division. To summarize the division sizes for each level of tournament:

  • National and JCT Tournaments: Divisions will have a maximum of 32 players, except for the U11 divisions, which will be capped at 16 players
  • East Coast Gold Tournaments: The BU13, BU19, GU13, GU17 and GU19 divisions will have a maximum of 24 players. The BU15, BU17 and GU15 divisions will have a maximum of 32 players. U11 divisions will be capped at 16 players
  • Non-East Coast Gold Tournaments: All divisions will have a maximum of 16 players
  • Silver Tournaments: All divisions will have a maximum of 16 players
  • Bronze Tournaments: All divisions will have a maximum of 8 players. In certain areas, bronze tournament division sizes may be increased to 12 or 16 player draws.

In addition to the division size caps stated above, the U.S. Junior Open and the U.S. Junior Bronze Championships will allow division sizes to increase past 32 players.

Divisions at all types of tournament require a minimum of 4 players to be an accredited division and offer ranking points. Tournament directors may combine divisions to reach this minimum.

Number of Divisions

For National, Gold, and JCT events, players may only enter and participate in one division.

For Silver events, the tournament director may allow players to participate in multiple divisions. However, players must be prepared to play all matches at their scheduled times and should not expect any scheduling accommodations from the tournament director

For Bronze events, players are only eligible to participate the division that corresponds to their age (i.e. a 12-year-old may only participate in the U13 division at Bronze tournaments).

Cut List

The cut list is released for tournaments after the regular registration deadline to confirm the final player entry list and to indicate which players have been placed on a waitlist in the event of oversubscribed divisions. The cut list will be made public at the regular registration deadline.

All divisions at tournaments are initially open to any player who would like to participate. If entry numbers for any specific division are below the division size cap at the regular registration deadline, all players will be accepted. However, if the entry numbers for any specific division exceed the division size cap at the regular registration deadline in Silver, Gold, JCT, Regional Junior Championship, or National Championship tournament, players will be entered into the tournament in descending order of their cut list points. Players who do not make the cut in these tournaments will be placed on a waitlist in descending order of their cut list points and will only be granted entry if a player withdraws and a position becomes available. Entry in Bronze tournaments is granted on a first come, first served basis.

The cut list point’s calculation can be found in the “Cut List Calculations, Processes, and Policies” section above.

Waitlist

All players who sign up for a tournament after the regular registration deadline (late entrants) will automatically be placed on the waitlist, regardless of draw size at the time of entry. If the draw has not reached the division size cap, the player will be moved to the main draw for the tournament.

If entries exceed the division size limit and a waitlist already exists in a specific division, late entrants will be placed at the bottom of the waitlist behind all players who were originally placed on the waitlist when the cut list was released.

Any player on a waitlist will be considered to be available to participate in the tournament should a space open up due to a withdrawal.

Late Entry Management

If there is an available playing position in a division for which a player is registering as a late entrant for, or a playing position otherwise becomes available, that player will be moved from the waitlist into the main draw. Players on a waitlist will be considered to be available to participate in the tournament in this case.

In Gold, JCT, and National Championships, the waitlist will officially close at 12:00pm NOON (in the time zone of the tournament) 24 hours before the tournament starts. Once the waitlist closes, no player will be moved to the main draw, regardless of last minute withdrawals. Once the waitlist closes, players who did not gain entry into the tournament will be withdrawn and issued a refund.

Registration Close and Locked Division Size

For all junior tournaments, division sizes lock and registration closes at 12:00pm (noon) in the time zone of the tournament on the Wednesday 1.5 weeks before the start of the tournament.

Division sizes will not increase in size once they lock even if those divisions are below the tournament size limit. Registration will be taken down and players will no longer be able to register or request a change in division.

NOTE: Any waitlisted players will still be moved to the main draw to replace any withdrawing players until the waitlist closes at 12:00pm (noon) 24 hours before the tournament starts.

Late Withdrawal Deadline

For all junior accredited events, the late withdrawal deadline is at 12:00pm (noon) in the time zone of the tournament on the Monday prior the start of the tournament.

Late withdrawal penalties can be found in the “Tournament Withdrawal and Match Default” section above.

Division Start Times

Division start times indicate the earliest possible match time a player can expect to receive within their division.

  • National, Gold, and JCT events: division start times will be released online by Friday at 5pm in the time zone of the tournament one week before the tournaments starts.
  • Bronze and Silver events: division start times are not required to be released.
Player Start Times

Player start times are the assigned match time for a player’s first match in a tournament:

  • Gold, JCT, and U.S. Championships: individual player start times will be released upon release of the full online draws by 5:00pm Wednesday in the time zone of the tournament.
  • For Bronze and Silver events, player start times will be released by 5:00pm in the time zone of the tournament on the Tuesday before the start of an event.
Draws

For all junior tournaments, online draws will be available by 5:00pm in the time zone of the tournament on the Wednesday before the start of the tournament.

Eligibility to Compete in Accredited Junior Tournaments

All players in US Squash accredited junior squash tournaments, excluding Bronze events, must be current members of US Squash through the last day of the tournament in which they are competing.

All players must be age-eligible through the last day of the tournament in which they are competing.

Players competing in Silver, Gold, JCT, and National Championship tournaments are required to have passed the correct age-specific online referee exam before entering the event.

Age Group Exam Required
U13 Level 1
U15 Level 2
U17 Level 3
U19 Level 4

 

A player may enter any level of junior tournament regardless of their ranking. However, divisions in Silver, Gold, JCT, Regional Championship, and U.S. Championship tournaments are limited in size, and entry is granted to the highest-ranked players that apply by the regular registration deadline. Entry in Bronze tournaments is granted on a first come, first served basis.

In certain instances, such as a significant lack of girls’ or adult competition in the region, girls may be permitted to compete in boys’ divisions at accredited tournaments. This is permitted only upon the submission of a formal request to US Squash and subsequent approval. Any request must be submitted to tournaments@ussquash.com by 5:00pm on the Friday four full weeks before the start of the tournament.

Junior Championship Tour (JCT)

The Junior Championship Tour (JCT) is designed to bring together the best players from around the country, and hence has the highest available ranking points.

JCT tournaments are restricted to the top 32-players who apply in the Under-13, 15, 17, and 19 divisions. The Under-11 divisions are restricted to the top 16-players who apply. JCTs may be limited to divisions of fewer than thirty-two players at US Squash’s discretion. Entry into JCT events is determined by cut list points in that age group as of the release of the cut list. Please see the tournament information page of each JCT for additional regulations and other pertinent information.

All players must have passed the appropriate referee exam based on their ages at the time of the tournament.

Age Group Exam Required
U13 Level 1
U15 Level 2
U17 Level 3
U19 Level 4

 

All players must be either U.S. Citizens or current U.S. Residents.

All players must be current US Squash members.

U.S. Junior Squash Championships

The U.S. Junior Squash Championships is considered the culmination of the junior squash season and crowns the ten U.S. Junior National Champions (one from each age division). All players must be age-eligible through the last day of the competition.

The U.S. Junior Squash Championships is restricted to the top 32-players who apply in the Under-13, 15, 17, and 19 divisions. The U11 divisions are restricted to the top 16-players who apply.

In the event that a player has competed in an older age division during the season, they may be allowed to compete in the younger age group if their ranking average from an older age group qualifies them in the younger age group. The ranking average from the older age division will not be converted to a higher number to the younger age division for qualification purposes. For example, if a player has a point average of 1450 in the older division, 1450 is the average that will be used to determine qualification in the younger age division.

All players must be current U.S. Citizens.

All players must be current US Squash members.

All players must have passed the appropriate referee exam based on their ages at the time of the tournament.

Age Group Exam Required
U13 Level 1
U15 Level 2
U17 Level 3
U19 Level 4

 

All participants must have a minimum of three active junior tournament exposures (within the past 11 months) as of the tournament entry deadline.

U.S. Junior Silver Squash Championships

The U.S. Junior Silver Squash Championships is restricted to players ranked number 33 and below (17 and below for players in the U11 divisions) as of the February 26, 2020 rankings run. Players that are age-eligible as of March 22, 2020 may compete in their age division even if they age out of the division before the competition.

The cut list will be based off the February 26, 2020 rankings run.

Players who are unranked will not be permitted to compete if their manually calculated points average would place them at number 32 or better in the rankings (number 16 or better in the rankings for U11 players) in the age division in which they registered for the tournament. US Squash reserves the right to refuse entry to any unranked player for the U.S. Junior Silver National Championships.

Draw sizes will be limited to 32-players in the U13, 15, 17, and 19 divisions. Draw sizes will be limited to 16-players in the U11 divisions. Entry will be based on descending order of cut list points. If a player does not make it into a division based on their cut list points, he or she may participate in an older age division if space remains in that division after release of the cut list and in accordance with the late entry management guidelines.

All players must be current U.S. Citizens or U.S. Residents,

All players must be current US Squash members.

All players must have passed the appropriate referee exam based on their ages at the time of the tournament.

Age Group Exam Required
U13 Level 1
U15 Level 2
U17 Level 3
U19 Level 4

 

All participants must have a minimum of three active junior tournament exposures (within the past 11 months) as of the tournament entry deadline.

U.S. Junior Bronze Squash Championships

The U.S. Junior Bronze Championships is restricted to players ranked number 65 and below (33 and below for players in the Under-11 divisions) as of the February 26, 2020 rankings run. Players that are age-eligible as of March 22, 2020 may compete in that age division even if they age out of the division before the competition.

The cut list will be based off the February 26, 2020 rankings run.

Players who are unranked will not be permitted to compete if their manually calculated points average would place them at number 64 or better in the rankings (number 32 or better in the rankings for U11 players) in the age division in which they registered for the tournament. US Squash reserves the right to refuse entry to any unranked player for the U.S. Junior Bronze National Championships.

Draw sizes will be limited to forty-eight players per division, selected based on descending order of cut list points. If a player does not make it into a division based on their ranking, he or she may participate in an older age division if space remains in that division after the release of the cut list and in accordance with the late entry management guidelines. If court capacity allows it, some division sizes may be extended to sixty-four players.

All players must be current U.S. Citizens or U.S. Residents,

All players must be current US Squash members.

All players must have passed the appropriate referee exam based on their ages at the time of the tournament.

Age Group Exam Required
U13 Level 1
U15 Level 2
U17 Level 3
U19 Level 4

 

All participants must have played in a minimum of three active junior tournament exposures (within the past 11 months) as of the tournament entry deadline.

U.S. Junior Open Championships

The U.S. Junior Open Championship is open to junior players from around the world who meet gender and age requirements. Additionally, the tournament has the two following entry criteria:

  • Players from the U.S. must be ranked in the top 75 in their division of competition on the regular entry deadline in order to qualify
  • Entries from non-U.S. countries are limited to 8 players per division per country

Draw sizes will be limited to 128 players per division prior to the regular entry deadline. Once the regular entry deadline passes, US Squash reserves the right to mandate draw size limits on a division by division basis. A cut list will be created for divisions that receive more than 128 entries as of the regular entry deadline. In the case of oversubscribed draws, the following criteria will be used to determine entry:

  • U. S. Players: the top 48 U.S. players based on cut list points are guaranteed entry. The cut list points will be based on the regular registration deadline.
  • Non-U.S. Players: the first 80 non-U.S. players to enter the tournament will gain entry (as long as they meet the limit of 8 players per country per division). Admittance is based on the time of entry received (i.e. first come, first served).

If both categories are oversubscribed at the regular registration deadline, US Squash will create two separate waitlists – one for U.S. players and one for non-U.S. players.

All players must be age-eligible through the final day of the tournament.

All U.S. Citizens and Residents who participating in the tournament must be current US Squash members. Non-U.S. players are not required to be current US Squash members.

US Squash will make its best effort to seed non-U.S. players appropriately.

Players may opt to not receive the points and exposure from their participation in the U.S. Junior Open. To remove the points and exposure, players must email tournaments@ussquash.com within one week of the completion of their tournament.

Participation in Multiple U.S. Junior Championships

Players may compete in only 1 of the 3 U.S. Junior Individual Championships (not including the U.S. Junior Open Squash Championships).

Regional Junior Championships (Closed)

In the 2019-2020 season, the weekend of November 22-November 24, 2019 will be used for Regional Junior Championships (Closed) tournaments around the country. These regional tournaments are restricted to players who maintain their primary residence in the region where the tournament is hosted.

ELIGIBILITY

Players must have primary residency in the region of the Regional Junior Championships (Closed) tournament in which they are participating. A primary residence is defined by where a player resides for the majority of a year. For example: if a player lives in PA, and they attend boarding school in MA, they may only participate in the New England Junior Championships (Closed).

All players must be current US Squash members.

All players must have passed the appropriate age-based referee exam at the time of the tournament.

Age Group Exam Required
U13 Level 1
U15 Level 2
U17 Level 3
U19 Level 4

 

Players are eligible to participate according to the following regional divisions:

The Connecticut Regional Junior Championships

  • Includes only players living in CT

The Mid-Atlantic Regional Junior Championships

  • Includes only players living in these states: DC, DE, MD, VA

The Midwest Regional Junior Championships

  • Includes only players living in these states: IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, MI, MN, MO, ND, NE, OH, SD, WI, WV

The New England Regional Junior Championships

  • Includes players living in these states: MA, ME, NH, RI, VT

The New York Regional Junior Championships

  • Includes players living in these states: NY, Northern NJ (including counties: Bergen, Essex, Hudson, Hunterdon, Middlesex, Morris, Passaic, Somerset, Sussex, Union, Warren)

The Pennsylvania Regional Junior Championships

  • Includes players living in these states: PA, Central NJ (including counties: Atlantic, Burlington, Camden, Cape May, Cumberland, Gloucester, Mercer, Monmouth, Ocean, Salem)

The Southern Regional Junior Championships

  • Includes players living in these states: AL, AR, FL, GA, LA, MS, NC, OK, SC, TN, TX

The Western Regional Junior Championships

  • Includes players living in these states: AK, AZ, CA, CO, HI, ID, MT, NV, NM, OR, UT, WA, WY

POINTS

Please refer to the Junior Ranking Points Table for the available points at the Regional Junior Championships.

OPT OUT

Players may opt to not take the points and exposure from their Junior Regional Championships if they choose. To remove the points and exposure, players must email tournaments@ussquash.com within one week of the completion of their tournament.

Interim Ratings Based Junior Squash Policies

Junior Ratings Based Tournament StructureJunior Rankings Structure PoliciesCut List Calculations, Processes, and PoliciesSeeding Calculations, Processes, and PoliciesTournament Withdrawal and Match DefaultTournament Procedure PoliciesEntry Management and Tournament Timelines Tournament Eligibility Criteria

INTERIM RATINGS BASED JUNIOR GUIDELINES AND POLICIES

All accredited competition will adhere to government regulations and US Squash guidelines for safety protocols and risk mitigation as described below. Furthermore, US Squash recognizes that each area of the country and specific facilities have varied rules and protocols, and families have different risk factors and willingness to engage in competition. For these reasons, the competitive opportunities and structure are designed to provide flexibility for different levels of engagement and participation.

Accredited Tournament Protocols

The safety of all individuals at accredited competition remains the top priority of US Squash. All accredited competitions – whether league or tournament play – may only take place in facilities that abide by all governmental guidelines as well as US Squash policies for return-to-competition.

US Squash has released minimum risk-mitigation guidelines for which facilities must positively affirm compliance, including enhanced air filtration and surface sanitization requirements. Facilities around the country are currently collaborating with US Squash to confirm that the appropriate measures have been put in place at their facility.

US Squash is continually reviewing safety regulations and operational protocols based on the current available information. Changes will likely be prompted by future potential availability of reliable rapid testing, vaccine approval and distribution, further research on risk mitigation, changes to governmental guidelines, and overall changes in the course of the pandemic. The input of the community as a whole is welcome in this area.

Mask use on court for players, and off court for all spectators, will be required during all accredited competition. This policy is informed in part by a unanimous recommendation by the US Squash Medical Advisory and Sports Science Committee. While the wearing of masks does not fully eliminate risk, their use on court by both (or all four in doubles) competitors likely limits the potential dosage of viral particles emitted into a facility during play, and also provides a level of protection to others. Mask use during competition is required already under the guidelines produced by many states for indoor recreation; requiring mask use for US Squash accredited play creates a level field of competition to all players nationally.

  • Operational Protocols:
    • Each player will be allowed only one accompanying spectator, whether that is a parent, coach, or other guardian.
    • Players will not be allowed to enter facilities until immediately before their match times and are required to leave facilities after completion of their match or requisite officiating duties.
    • Only the winner from the previous match will referee the following match. Social distancing protocols should be observed at all times.
  • Competition Structure:
    • Many tournaments will be limited to a single day of competition.
    • The total number of competitors in a given tournament or league will be restricted based on facility size, court availability and state gathering limits – specific caps per event will be noted on tournament registration pages.

Accredited Tournament Operational Protocols

Tournament Types

The ratings based junior tournament framework is intended to provide competitive play for all players crossing age groups and genders. Events will be based on geographical area, starting small for players within a facility and gradually increasing in size to support play on a Facility, District, State or Regional level.

Participation in these tournaments will be closed, and information provided on a players Club Locker profile will be used to check eligibility. (Players should ensure that their address, facility affiliation and district affiliation are correct.)

Duration

The duration of tournaments will be dependent upon the situation at the time with respect to local State and Federal guidelines. Tournaments can be 1, 2 or 3 days long.

Divisions Offered

Divisions offered per event will be dependent on the tournament director. Options include:-

  • Based on age: U11, U13, U15, U17, and U19
  • Based on rating: U2.5, U3.0, U3.5, U4.0, U4.5, U5.0, U5.5, 5.5+
  • Both types offer options for both single sex and co-ed divisions

Entry is limited to players under the age of 19 whether divisions are age  or rating based.

Division Size

Divisions will be limited in size as follow and may further depend upon the occupancy limits as stated by local authority guidelines.

  • 1-day events – division size limit 8
  • 2-day events – division size limit 16
  • 3-day events – division size limit 32
Tournament Size

The maximum capacity of the tournament may depend upon local, state or federal guidelines regarding gathering limits.

The Ratings-Based Ranking System

Junior player rankings will be unfrozen as of October 7, 2020, at which time player rankings will be determined by player rating instead of tournament ranking points. During this time when national competition is not possible, ratings provide the fairest method to measure progress and improvement while allowing each player to engage in accredited competition to the extent that is most appropriate for their personal situation. Ratings also seamlessly integrate competition between players of different genders and ages, and between juniors and adults.

Ratings Based Rankings
  • Ratings-based rankings will be viewable on the US Squash website at the national and state level. District and Facility-based rankings will also be available.
  • Players will only be ranked in their age group. They cannot be ranked in older age groups.
  • To ensure inclusion in the rankings, players must be a current US Squash member and have passed the age-based referee exam for the age division in which they will be ranked, and player profiles should also be updated with the most recent home address information and date of birth. Membership verification, referee certifications and address updates can all be done through a player’s Club Locker profile, reached by logging in to their account on the US Squash website. Players are also asked to verify their high school graduation year, available on the “demographics” tab when editing their player profile.
Age Group Exam Required
U13 Level 1
U15 Level 2
U17 Level 3
U19 Level 4
  • Ratings are processed daily and national and district rankings are recorded on player profiles every Wednesday by 5:00am EST.

Ratings FAQs

Aging Up Into a New Division

Ratings are equivalent across age groups and genders. Therefore when a player ages up they will take their full rating and place in the list at the appropriate place relative to their peers.

Cut List Calculations, Processes, and Policies

When a division is oversubscribed, a cut list is created to determine which players directly enter the tournament, and which are placed on a wait list. The cutlist will be formed by date of registration. Qualification will be on a first come first served basis.

Seeding Calculations, Processes, and Policies

In any given draw, players will be seeded in order of their US Squash rating as of the Wednesday 1.5 weeks before the start of the event in the appropriate age or skill division.

Late withdrawals after the draws have been released may be replaced with the next player on the waitlist.

US Squash reserves the right to entirely reseed the draw in the case of a late withdrawal.

US Squash may use its discretion, and will consult with the local tournament director, when seeding foreign players or U.S. players with little or no tournament exposure, to seed players accurately with the goal of balanced and fair draws.

Late Withdraw

For all junior accredited tournaments, a player may withdraw without penalty before 12:00pm (noon) in the time zone of the tournament on the Monday prior to the start of the tournament. Any withdrawal after this deadline and before the start of a player’s first match is considered a late withdrawal. Any player who is registered for a tournament and does not show up to play is also considered a late withdrawal. Doctor’s notes are not accepted to waive late withdrawal penalties.

Any player who withdraws late from a tournament 3 times in a 3 month period is subject to the code of conduct and may be suspended from competition for a 4 week period.

 

Mid-Tournament Defaults

The tournament director may default a player if that player has not arrived on court by 15 minutes after the scheduled match time. Players who default a match in a tournament also default any subsequent scheduled matches. Players may be permitted to continue in the tournament at the discretion of the tournament director. In making these decisions, the tournament director will take into consideration the level of communication with the player, court availability, and any other relevant specific factors. In no case is the tournament director obligated to make special accommodations for a player.

Players are expected to arrive at each tournament with the intention of playing and completing all scheduled matches. Any player deemed to have needlessly defaulted out of a tournament will receive a mid-tournament default penalty and be subject to the code of conduct.

If a player begins a tournament but is unable to complete all scheduled matches due to illness or injury, the conduct process can be waived with a doctor’s note. The doctor’s note must be submitted via email to tournaments@ussquash.com within one week of the last day of the tournament. The doctor’s note cannot be written by a family member and must be from an independent source.

Scoring

Standard point-a-rally scoring (PAR) to 11 points will be used in all accredited junior tournaments. All matches in accredited junior tournaments are best-of-5 games.

Refereeing Requirements

In all US Squash accredited junior play, players are responsible for refereeing their peers. Winners are responsible for officiating after their match–the winner acts as referee and marker–unless released by the Tournament Director. The Tournament Director may also ask players to referee matches at other times or on other courts.

Referees should know and understand all World Squash Federation Softball Singles Rules.

To sign up for and participate in ratings based tournaments, all players must have passed the appropriate age-specific referee exam based on their age at the time of the tournament.

Age Group Exam Required
U13 Level 1
U15 Level 2
U17 Level 3
U19 Level 4

 

A player not fulfilling their refereeing responsibilities may lose their current US Squash referee certification and will need to retake the online age-specific referee exam. Current referee certification is required to maintain a US Squash junior ranking.

Additionally, a player who abandons their referee responsibilities will be subject to the code of conduct.

Number of Guaranteed Matches

The minimum number of scheduled matches depends on the duration of the tournament. Players are expected to complete all scheduled matches.

  • 1-day event – 2 matches
  • 2-day event – 3 matches
  • 3-day event – 3 matches

Late withdrawals, injuries, or other unexpected events may lead to some players receiving 2 or fewer matches.

Break Between Matches

For ratings-based events, players will have a minimum of 2 hours between scheduled match start times.

Regular Tournament Registration Deadline (Entry Deadline)

For ratings based events registration deadline is 12:00pm (in the time zone of the tournament) on the Monday prior to the start of the event. Registration will be taken down at the registration deadline and no more entries will be allowed.

Before the regular entry deadline players will be placed on the entrants list on a first come first served basis. At regular entry deadline a cutlist will be formed in oversubscribed divisions.

Players per Division

Division sizes will be limited to 4, 8, 12, 16. The specific division size cap per division varies based on tournament type, region of the tournament, and division. Each tournament page will clearly specify the size of each division.

Divisions at all types of tournament require a minimum of 3 players to be an accredited division. Tournament directors may combine divisions to reach this minimum.

Number of Divisions

For ratings based events, players may only enter and participate in one division

Cut List

The cut list is released by tournaments after the regular registration deadline to confirm the final player entry list and to indicate which players have been placed on a waitlist in the event of oversubscribed divisions. The cut list will be made public at the regular registration deadline.

All divisions at tournaments are initially open to any player who would like to participate. If entry numbers for any specific division are below the division size cap at the regular registration deadline, all players will be accepted. However, if the entry numbers for any specific division exceed the division size cap at the regular registration deadline, players will be entered into the tournament on a first come first served basis. Players who do not make the cut in these tournaments will be placed on a waitlist in order of their registration date and will only be granted entry if a player withdraws and a position becomes available.

Waitlist

All players who sign up for a tournament after the regular registration deadline (late entrants) will automatically be placed on the waitlist, regardless of draw size at the time of entry. If the draw has not reached the division size cap, the player will be moved to the main draw for the tournament.

If entries exceed the division size limit and a waitlist already exists in a specific division, late entrants will be placed at the bottom of the waitlist behind all players who were originally placed on the waitlist when the cut list was released.

Any player on a waitlist will be considered to be available to participate in the tournament should a space open up due to a withdrawal.

Late Entry Management

If there is an available playing position in a division for which a player is registering as a late entrant for, or a playing position otherwise becomes available, that player will be moved from the waitlist into the main draw. Players on a waitlist will be considered to be available to participate in the tournament in this case.

The waitlist will officially close at 12:00pm NOON (in the time zone of the tournament) 24 hours before the tournament starts. Once the waitlist closes, no player will be moved to the main draw, regardless of last-minute withdrawals. Once the waitlist closes, players who did not gain entry into the tournament will be withdrawn and issued a refund minus the $10 processing fee.

Late Withdrawal Deadline

For all junior accredited events, the late withdrawal deadline is at 12:00pm (noon) in the time zone of the tournament on the Monday prior the start of the tournament.

Late withdrawal penalties can be found in the “Tournament Procedure Policies” section above.

Draws

For all junior tournaments, online draws will be available by 5:00pm in the time zone of the tournament on the Wednesday before the start of the tournament.

Eligibility to Compete in Accredited Junior Tournaments

All players in US Squash accredited junior squash tournaments, must be current members of US Squash through the last day of the tournament in which they are competing.

All players must be age-eligible through the last day of the tournament in which they are competing.

Players competing in ratings based tournaments are required to have passed the correct age-specific online referee exam before entering the event.

Age Group Exam Required
U13 Level 1
U15 Level 2
U17 Level 3
U19 Level 4

 

A player may enter any level of junior tournament regardless of their rating. However, divisions will be limited in size, and entry is granted on a first come first served basis.

Girls may be permitted to compete in boys’ divisions at ratings based accredited tournaments.

Residence Eligibility

Entry into ratings-based tournaments will be closed to members or residents of the designated area. Each tournament will specify if it is Facility, District, State, Regional or Open and only players within those organizations will be allowed to compete.

The geographical reach of the tournament will take into account any local, state or federal guidelines on the return to sports as well as any acting travel advisories.

Facility membership will be based on a players affiliation on their Club Locker profile.

Residence will be based on a player’s address as listed on their Club Locker profile.

District tournaments will only be open to players affiliated to that District.

Players are eligible to participate according to the following regional divisions:

The Connecticut Regional Junior Championships

  • Includes only players living in CT

The Mid-Atlantic Regional Junior Championships

  • Includes only players living in these states: DC, DE, MD, VA

The Midwest Regional Junior Championships

  • Includes only players living in these states: IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, MI, MN, MO, ND, NE, OH, SD, WI, WV

The New England Regional Junior Championships

  • Includes players living in these states: MA, ME, NH, RI, VT

The New York Regional Junior Championships

  • Includes players living in these states: NY, Northern NJ (including counties: Bergen, Essex, Hudson, Hunterdon, Middlesex, Morris, Passaic, Somerset, Sussex, Union, Warren)

The Pennsylvania Regional Junior Championships

  • Includes players living in these states: PA, Central NJ (including counties: Atlantic, Burlington, Camden, Cape May, Cumberland, Gloucester, Mercer, Monmouth, Ocean, Salem)

The Southern Regional Junior Championships

  • Includes players living in these states: AL, AR, FL, GA, LA, MS, NC, OK, SC, TN, TX

The Western Regional Junior Championships

  • Includes players living in these states: AK, AZ, CA, CO, HI, ID, MT, NV, NM, OR, UT, WA, WY

Adult Squash Policies

Tournament Procedure PoliciesEntry Management and Tournament TimelinesAdult Ranking System
Scoring

Standard point-a-rally scoring (PAR) to 11 points will be used in all accredited tournaments. All matches in accredited tournaments are best-of-5 games.

Refereeing Requirements

Referees should know and understand all World Squash Federation Softball Singles Rules. National Championships require that players take and pass the Full Club Referee exam that is available on your US Squash profile.

In all US National Championships, players are responsible for refereeing and marking. Players must be ready and present immediately following the completion of their match. While the losing player must remain at the court to time the four-minute warm up, the winning player may go to the tournament desk to turn in their score sheet and obtain the score sheet for the next match on their court if digital scoring is not being used.

A player not fulfilling their refereeing responsibilities may lose his or her current US Squash referee certification and may not be allowed to continue participation during a tournament.

Number of Guaranteed Matches

A minimum of 3 scheduled matches will be provided for all players in National Championships. Club tournaments are recommended to schedule a minimum of 3 matches. Players are expected to complete all scheduled matches. If a player abandons a tournament, they may forfeit a tournament deposit at the discretion of the Tournament Director.

Late withdrawals may result in some players receiving less than 3 matches.

Tournament Directors are recommended to schedule a maximum of 2 matches per day.

Break Between Matches

For all events, players are recommended to have a minimum of 3 hours between scheduled match start times.

Tournament Seeding

In any given draw, players will likely be seeded in order of their US Squash Rating.

For all events, randomized seeding groups are used: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5-8, 9-12, 13-16, 17-20, 21-24, 25-28 and 29-32. Players in each seeding group are drawn at random to fill the positions on the draw for those groups.

Default and Withdrawal Policies

For National singles events, all withdrawals after the entry deadline are considered late withdrawals. As such, entry fees and any deposits will not be refunded. If necessary, draws will be reseeded to maintain the integrity of the draw. Within the 24-hour window of the start of a tournament, no reseeds will be processed. Accredited tournaments are encouraged to apply this policy at the discretion of the Tournament Director.

Any player who is registered for a tournament and does not show up to play is also considered a late withdrawal. Late withdrawals from National Championships may result in a player forfeiting a tournament deposit.

Mid Tournament Defaults

The tournament director may default a player if that player has not arrived on court by 15 minutes after the scheduled match time. Players who default a match in a tournament also default subsequent matches. Players may be permitted to continue in the tournament at the discretion of the tournament director. In making these decisions, the tournament director will take into consideration the level of communication with the player, court availability, and any other relevant specific factors. In no case is the tournament director obligated to make special accommodations for a player.

Players are expected to arrive at each tournament with the intention of playing and completing all scheduled matches. Any player deemed to have needlessly defaulted out of a tournament will receive a mid-tournament default which may result in any deposit not being refunded.

If a player begins a tournament but is unable to complete all scheduled matches due to illness or injury, the mid-tournament default can be waived with a doctor’s note. The doctor’s note must be submitted via email to tournaments@ussquash.com within one week of the last day of the tournament. The doctor’s note cannot be submitted by a family member and must be from an independent source.

Combined Age Divisions

In some cases, a tournament director may choose to combine age divisions due to low entries or other extenuating factors.

EXAMPLE: If the Men’s 55+ receives 5 entries and the Men’s 60+ receives 2 entries, the tournament director may choose to combine the 55+ and 60+ divisions into a single 55+ division. All players must be age eligible for a division from the first day of the of the tournament.

NOTE: If a tournament director needs to combine a skill level division, players will only be eligible to compete in a skill level higher than their own. E.g. if a 3.67 rated player is the only person signed up for the 4.0 division, they will only be able to be combined into the 4.5 division and cannot compete in the 3.5 division.

Round Robin Tie Break Rules

In the event of a tie in a round robin draws, finishing positions are determined based on the following criteria, which are applied in sequential order until the tie is broken.

  • Most Matches Won
  • Fewest Matches Lost
  • Most Games Won
  • Fewest Games Lost
  • Percentage
Regular Tournament Registration Deadline (Entry Deadline)

National Championships entries close Wednesday 1.5 weeks before the start of the event at 12pm in the time zone of the tournament. For accredited play, a tournament director can decide entry deadline at his or her discretion.

Players Per Division

A minimum of 3 players is required to be an accredited division and tournament directors may combine divisions to reach this minimum.

Age Eligibility

Players must be age eligible as of the first day of tournament play.

Number of Divisions

The tournament director may allow players to participate in multiple divisions, however, players must be prepared to play all matches at their scheduled times and accommodations by the tournament director should not be expected.

US National Championships do not allow play in more than one division unless specifically stated. US Squash reserves the right to enter a player in more than one division to fill out an entry list.

Waitlist

The waitlist is released by tournaments after the registration deadline to confirm the final player entry list, and to indicate which players have been placed on a waitlist in the event of oversubscribed divisions. The waitlist is available for view from the entrant page of the tournament listing.

If there is an available playing position in a division, a player will be moved from the waitlist onto the main draw. 

Player Start Times

Start times for all US National Championships will be released 5:00pm in the time zone of the tournament on the Monday before the start of the event.

Draws

For all events, online draws will be available by 5:00pm in the time zone of the tournament on the Wednesday before the start of the tournament.

Rating Based Ranking System

The US Squash rating algorithm uses all matches from the previous 45 months in the US Squash database to calculate a relative measure of each player’s ability. Your rating is a great way to compare your level against friends and competitors, find a match against some of similar level, or track your improvement over time!  You can read more about the algorithm by clicking here.

Tournament Structure

The tournament calendar is designed to give players of all skill levels the opportunity for fun and competitive play.

Players of any rating and ranking may apply for entry into any level of tournament.  However, some tournaments may be restricted in size due to demand or court restrictions.

Players can only compete in a skill division higher than their current rating (e.g. a player rated 3.2 can enter 3.5 division or higher but cannot enter the 3.0 division)

Age Group and Skill Level Rankings

In order to receive an age group or skill level ranking, members are required to:

– Have an active membership paid through date
– Have a gender selected
– Have an accurate birth date in the system
– Play an accredited match in the system within the last 12 months (tournament, league, box league, or ladder – note that friendly club matches are not included)

Age groups will display only the ages in the direct category. For example, 40+ will only show 40-44 year olds, regardless of skill rating.

End of Season Rankings

End of Season rankings take into account any matches played between June 1 and May 31 during the current season.  In order to receive an End of Season Ranking, players must have a current membership as of June 1 in the current season and meet the exposure and match counts for a given division as described below:

Exposures:

  • Tournament Exposures
  • Skill Level exposure: competed in a skill level division (e.g. M2.5)
  • Age Division exposure: competed in an age division (e.g. W40+) If a player competes in an age division younger than the one for which they currently qualify, they receive exposure credit in the division in which they competed, and their current age division. For example, if a 51 year-old man competes in a 40+ tournament, he would get one exposure credit towards the 40+ age division, and also 1 towards the 50+.

NOTE – in this case, even though receiving credits in two divisions, it would still count as only one toward the total exposure count

  • Team tournaments (e.g. Howe Cup) count as a skill level exposure, NOT a league exposure
  • League/Ladder exposures
  • Any league (box or team) or ladder where the player competed in at least 4 matches counts as 1 exposure. Only 1 exposure is allowed per league. For example, if a player competed in 12 team league matches in the same league season, that is still only 1 exposure, not 3 exposures

Squash Doubles Policies

Tournament Procedure PoliciesEntry Management and Tournament TimelinesDoubles Ranking System
Scoring
Standard point-a-rally scoring (PAR) to 15 points will be used in all accredited tournaments. All matches in accredited tournaments are best-of-5 games.

Refereeing Requirements

In all US Squash accredited play, players are responsible for refereeing their peers.  All four players are encouraged to referee the match following their own. The losing team should act as the center judge and a line judge with one of the winning players serving as the remaining line judge. The tournament director may also ask players to referee matches at other times or on other courts.

Referees should know and understand all WSF Hardball Doubles Rules.

Refereeing teams must be ready and present immediately following the completion of their match.

A player not fulfilling his or her refereeing responsibilities may lose his or her current US Squash referee certification and may not be allowed to continue participating in the tournament.

Number of Guaranteed Matches

All National Doubles Championships guarantee a minimum of 3 scheduled matches. Club tournaments are recommended to schedule a minimum of 3 scheduled matches at an accredited tournament. Players are expected to complete all scheduled matches. If players abandon a tournament, they may forfeit a tournament deposit at the discretion of the tournament director. Injured players may be required to submit a doctor’s note.

Late withdrawals may result in some players receiving less than 3 matches.

Tournament Seeding
National Doubles Championships are seeded with help from the Seeding Subcommittee of the US Squash Doubles Committee. Ranking points, doubles rating, singles rating, and prior results are used to determine seeding. Accredited tournament directors are encouraged to use a similar method for seeding local events using the data available on the Club Locker platform.

Default and Withdrawal Policies

All withdrawals from National Doubles events after the entry deadline are considered late withdrawals. As such, entry fees and any deposits will not be refunded. If a player’s partner withdraws, he or she can find a new player prior to 48 hours before the first scheduled match of the tournament. Draws will be reseeded to maintain the integrity of the draw based on the recommendation of the Seeding Subcommittee. Within the 48-hour window, no partner changes or reseeds will be done and defaults will be enforced. Accredited tournaments are encouraged to apply this policy at the discretion of the tournament director.

The tournament director may default teams who do not arrive on court 15 minutes after the scheduled match time. Teams that default a match in a tournament also default subsequent matches. Teams may be permitted to continue in the tournament at the discretion of the tournament director. Teams that fail to complete all tournament matches may forfeit a tournament deposit. Injured players will be required to submit a doctor’s note in order to be refunded the tournament deposit.

Combined Age Divisions

In some cases, a tournament director may choose to combine age divisions due to low entries or other extenuating factors.

EXAMPLE: If the Men’s 55+ receives 5 entries and the Men’s 60+ receives 2 entries, the tournament director may choose to combine the 55+ and 60+ divisions into a single 55+ division. All players must be age eligible for a division on the first day of tournament play

Round Robin Tie Break Rules

In the event of a tie in a round robin draws, finishing positions are determined based on the following criteria, which are applied in sequential order until the tie is broken.

  • Most Matches Won
  • Fewest Matches Lost
  • Most Games Won
  • Fewest Games Lost
  • Percentage of Total Points Won (total points won divided by total points played)
Regular Tournament Registration Deadline (Entry Deadline)
National Doubles Championships entries close Wednesday 1.5 weeks before the start of the event at 12pm ET. For accredited play, a tournament director can decide entry deadline at his or her discretion.
Players Per Division
A minimum of 4 teams is required to be an accredited division and tournament directors may combine divisions to reach this minimum.
Age Eligibility
Adult age group players must be age eligible as of the first day of tournament play. Junior age group players must be age eligible through the last day of tournament play.
Number of Divisons
Accredited tournament directors may allow players to participate in multiple divisions, however, players must be prepared to play all matches at their scheduled times and accommodations by the tournament director should not be expected. US National Doubles Championships do not allow play in more than one division unless specifically stated. US Squash reserves the right to enter a team in more than one division to fill out an entry list.
Waitlist
Events with limited capacity may utilize a waitlist in the event of oversubscribed divisions.
Team Start Times
Team start times for all US National Doubles Championships will be released 5pm in the time zone of the tournament on the Monday before the start of the event.
Draws
For all events, online draws will be available by 5pm ET in the time zone of the tournament on the Wednesday before the start of the tournament.
Rating Based System
The US Squash rating algorithm uses all matches from the previous 45 months in the US Squash database to calculate a relative measure of each player’s ability. Your rating is a great way to compare your level against friends and competitors, find a match against some of similar level, or track your improvement over time!  You can read more about the algorithm by clicking here.
The Tournament Structure

The tournament calendar is designed to give players of all skill levels the opportunity for fun and competitive play.

Players of any rating and ranking may apply for entry into any level of tournament but are encouraged to pick an appropriate level with advice provided by tournament directors and US Squash.

Age Group and Skill Level Rankings

In order to receive an age group ranking, members are required to:

  • Have a gender selected
  • Have an accurate birth date in the system
  • Play a match in two accredited doubles tournaments in the appropriate age division in the last 12 months. Men’s Open requires 3 exposures.
Ranking Criteria

US Squash Doubles Ranking Points are calculated using the following criteria:

  • Men’s points are based on the best 4 events from the prior 24 months
  • Women’s points are based on the best 3 events from the prior 24 months
  • Points from the most recent 12 months are applied at 100%; the 12 months prior are applied at 75%
  • Rankings are calculated monthly
  • Points from one age group younger apply to the age group older at 80%. For example, points earned in M50+ apply to M55+ rankings at 80%. The same calculation applies to women’s age groups but at 10-year gaps. Open and Pro results count towards M40+ and W40+ at 80%.
  • Doubles Championships points are applied at 100% regardless of draw size. For Regional, State, and Club level events, points are tiered based on draw size. The full points table can be viewed here (link TBA).
Men % points
Open 100
40 80
45 64
50 51
55 41
60 33
65 26
70 21
75 17
80 13
Women % points
Open 100
40 80
50 64
60 51

Events are divided into categories based on level as determined by US Squash. Points listed below are Open division points on which the percentages above are calculated:

Place Championship Regional State Club
1 4000 2000 1000 500
2 3400 1700 850 425
3 & 4 2500 1250 625 313
5 & 8 1700 850 425 213
9 & 16 1100 550 275 138
17 & 32 678 339 169 85

National Team Selection